- The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to three scientists
- Their work has improved understanding of climate change
- World Meteorological Organization welcomes decision
STOCKHOLM, Oct.5 (Reuters) – Japanese-American Syukuro Manabe, German Klaus Hasselmann and Italian Giorgio Parisi on Tuesday won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics for work that helps understand complex physical systems such as Earth’s climate change.
In a move hailed by the United Nations meteorological agency as a sign of consensus around man-made global warming, half the price of 10 million Swedish kronor ($ 1.15 million) goes equally to Manabe, 90, and Hasselmann, 89, for modeling the Earth’s climate and reliably predicting global warming.
The other half go to Parisi for discovering in the early 1980s “hidden rules” behind seemingly random movements and vortices in gases or liquids, which can also be applied to aspects of neuroscience, machine learning. and starling flight formations.
“Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann laid the foundation for our knowledge of Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it,” the Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement. “Giorgio Parisi is recognized for his revolutionary contributions to the theory of disordered materials and random processes.”
Hasselmann, who works at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, told Reuters from his home that he did not want to wake up from what he described as a beautiful dream.
“I’m retired, you know, and I’ve been a little lazy lately. I’m happy for this honor. The research continues,” he said.
The Academy said Manabe, who works at Princeton University in the United States, laid the foundation in the 1960s for today’s understanding of Earth’s climate.
Hasselmann, he said, had developed models some 10 years later which became instrumental in proving that mankind’s carbon dioxide emissions cause temperatures in the atmosphere to rise.
Parisi, who took part in the press conference announcing the winners, has been invited to deliver her message to world leaders scheduled to meet for the UN climate change talks in Glasgow, Scotland from October 31. .
“I think it is very urgent that we take real and very strong decisions and move forward at a very sustained pace,” said the 73-year-old laureate who works at Sapienza University in Rome.
Work on climate change has already been recognized by Nobel Prizes.
Former US Vice President Al Gore and the UN climate panel received the Peace Prize in 2007 for galvanizing international action on global warming, and William Nordhaus won half the prize for economy 2018 for integrating climate change into the Western economic growth model.
“The skeptics or deniers of scientific facts (…) are no longer so visible and this message on climate science has been heard,” said the secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization, Petteri Taalas, of the this year’s award.
Physics is the second Nobel Prize awarded this week after Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian won the Medicine Prize on Monday for the discovery of receptors in the skin that sense temperature and touch. Read more
The Nobel Prizes were created at the will of Swedish inventor and dynamite businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901 with only a handful of interruptions, mainly due to the two world wars.
Like last year, there will be no banquet in Stockholm due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The winners will receive their medals and diplomas in their country of origin. Read more
The announcement of the physics prize will be followed in the coming days by the chemistry, literature, peace and economics prizes.
($ 1 = 8.7290 Swedish kronor)
Ludwig Burger reported from Frankfurt; Additional reporting by Terje Solsvik in Oslo, Supantha Mukherjee and Anna Ringstrom in Stockholm, Johan Ahlander in Göteborg, Kirsti Knolle in Berlin and Emma Farge in Geneva, edited by Timothy Heritage
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