Prophet Muhammad and early Muslims migrated from Mecca to Medina

Prophet Muhammad and the first Muslims with him migrated from Mecca to Medina

July 16 is the 197th (198th day in leap years) of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 168 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • July 16, 1920 The Directorate of Parliament is established in Eskisehir to seize the railways outside the zones of occupation of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Colonel Behiç (Erkin) Bey was carried to the head. The Konya-Yenice and Afyon-Uşak lines were handed over to Military Inspector Vasfi Bey and the Ankara-Eskişehir, Eskişehir-Bilecik, Eskişehir-Konya and Toros-Amanos parts were handed over to Behiç Bey.

Olaylar

  • 622 – Muhammad and the first Muslims with him migrated from Mecca to Medina. This event is accepted as the beginning of the Hijri calendar.
  • 1212 – Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: During the Reconquista, Pope III. The Christian kingdoms of Spain, united at the call of Innocentius, defeated the Muslim Almohads under Muhammad Nasser.
  • 1394 – King of France VI. Charles ordered the Jews to be expelled from France.
  • 1661 – The first banknote in Europe is printed and put into circulation by a Swedish bank called “Stockholm Banco”.
  • 1782 – by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Abduction of the Palace the opera is performed for the first time.
  • 1880 – Emily Stowe becomes the first female registered physician in Canada.
  • 1912 – Beginning of the Olympic Games in Stockholm.
  • 1921 – Creation of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Adjara. In 1991, the Autonomous Republic of Ajara was created.
  • 1935 – The world’s first parking meter is installed on a street in Oklahoma City.
  • 1942 – Biggest Jewish arrest in France: 12,884 Jews are arrested for deportation to Auschwitz.
  • [1945–ManhattanProject:Thefirstatomicbombtest(Trinitytest)wascarriedoutnearAlamogordoCityNewMexicoUnitedStates[1945–ProjetManhattan:Lepremieressaidebombeatomique(Trinitytest)aétémenéprèsdelavilled’AlamogordoNouveau-MexiqueÉtats-Unis
  • 1965 – The Mont Blanc tunnel, connecting France and Italy, is inaugurated.
  • 1969 – Apollo 11 is launched from the Kennedy Space Center.
  • 1979 – Saddam Hussein becomes President of Iraq.
  • 1990 – Earthquake in the Philippines: 1,450 dead.
  • 1994 – Pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 crash into the planet Jupiter.
  • 1999 – The small plane of John F. Kennedy, Jr., son of former US President John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, crashes in the Atlantic Ocean. Kennedy was killed with his wife and sister-in-law who are on the plane.
  • 2005 – A suicide bomber drove his tanker loaded with explosives to the gas station in Musayyib, Iraq: 98 dead, 100 injured.
  • 2008 – A vehicle full of bombs explodes in a marketplace in Tal Afar, Iraq: 7 people, including 11 children, are killed and 90 injured Archived July 30, 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  • 2016 – The attempted military coup initiated on July 15 by a group of soldiers who defined themselves as the Home Peace Council within the Turkish Armed Forces in Turkey was suppressed.

births

  • 1486 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (died 1531)
  • 1723 – Joshua Reynolds, English painter (died 1792)
  • 1796 – Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French impressionist painter (died 1875)
  • 1872 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (d. 1928)
  • 1902 – Orhan Şaik Gökyay, Turkish poet and researcher in the history of literature and languages ​​(died 1994)
  • 1906 – Halide Pişkin, Turkish theater actress (died 1959)
  • 1907 Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (died 1990)
  • 1911 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (died 1995)
  • 1915 – Cihat Arman, Turkish football player (Fenerbahce and national team goalkeeper) (died 1994)
  • 1918 – Müzeyyen Senar, Turkish singer (died 2015)
  • 1936 – Yasuo Fukuda, Japanese politician
  • 1943 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet, novelist and playwright (died 1990)
  • [1945–ÇetinTekindoractorandcomedienturc[1945–ÇetinTekindoracteuretcomédienturc
  • 1952 – Stewart Copeland, American musician
  • 1954 – Betül Arım, Turkish actress of theater, cinema and television series
  • 1956 – Lutz Eigendorf, former German football player (died 1983)
  • 1956 – Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957 – Włodzimierz Smolarek, former Polish national football player (died in 2012)
  • 1963 – Phoebe Cates, American actress
  • 1963 – Nina Petri, German actress
  • 1964 – Ashot Anastasyan, Armenian world chess champion (died in 2016)
  • 1964 – Costance Adams, American architect and author (d. 2018)
  • 1964 – Nino Burcanadze, Georgian politician and Speaker of the Georgian Parliament
  • 1964 – Miguel Indurain, retired Spanish road cyclist.
  • 1966 – Yıldız Tilbe, Turkish singer, songwriter and songwriter
  • 1968 – Larry Sanger, US Internet project / software developer, Wikipedia co-founder and Citizendium founder
  • 1970 – Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai screenwriter and director
  • 1971 – Bibiana Beglau, German actress
  • 1973 – Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer
  • 1976 – Anna Smashnova, Israeli professional tennis player
  • 1976 – Elsa Pataky, Spanish model and actress
  • 1976 – Michael Petkovic, former Croatian-Australian goalkeeper
  • 1978 – Gülhan Şen, Turkish presenter
  • 1979 – Jayma Mays, American actress
  • 1980 – Svetlana Feofanova, former Russian pole vaulter
  • 1980 – Jesse Jane, American pornographic actress and model
  • 1981 – Maher Zain, Lebanese-Swedish musician
  • 1983 – Katrina Kaif, British actress and model
  • 1984 – Franco Dario Cangele, Argentine football player
  • 1987 – Annalynne McCord is an American actress.
  • 1987 – Mousa Dembélé, Belgian footballer
  • 1988 – Sergio Busquets, Spanish national football player
  • 1989 – Gareth Bale, Welsh national football player
  • 1993 – Alpaslan Öztürk, Turkish-Belgian football player

Armed

  • 1060 – Çağrı is the grandson of the Seljuk ruler Seljuk Bey of the Kınık tribe of Oghuz, son of Mikail, elder brother of Tugrul Bey and father of Alp Arslan (born in 989)
  • 1216 – III. Innocentius was pope from January 8, 1198 to July 16, 1216 (born 1161)
  • 1324 – Go-Uda, 91st Emperor of Japan (born 1267)
  • 1342 – Károly I was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1308 until his death (born 1288)
  • 1557 – Anne of Cleves, VIII. She was Henry’s fourth wife (born 1515)
  • 1612 – Leonardo Donato, 90th Duke of the Republic of Venice (born 1536)
  • 1664 – Andreas Gryphius, German poet of Baroque literature (born 1616)
  • 1764 – VI. Ivan, Tsar of Russia in 1740-1741 (born 1740)
  • 1857 – Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French lyricist and poet (born in 1780)
  • 1889 – Michele Amari, Sicilian historian and orientalist (born in 1806)
  • 1910 – Albert Anker, Swiss painter (born in 1831)
  • 1915 – Ellen G. White, co-founder and leader of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b.1827)
  • 1920 – Gyula Benczúr, Hungarian painter (born in 1844)
  • [1945–DavidLindsayEnglishWriter(born1876)[1945–DavidLindsayécrivainanglais(néen1876)
  • 1959 – Henri Prost, French architect and town planner (born in 1874)
  • 1960 – Albert Kesselring, German soldier and Luftwaffe Marshal in Nazi Germany (born 1885)
  • 1960 – John P. Marquand, American author (born 1893)
  • 1963 – Nikolay Aseyev, Russian poet (born 1889)
  • 1964 – Rauf Orbay, Turkish soldier and politician (born 1881)
  • 1969 – Vecihi Hürkuş, Turkish pilot, engineer and entrepreneur (Turkish aviation ruler) (born 1896)
  • 1982 – Charles Robberts Swart, South African lawyer and politician (born 1894)
  • 1985 – Heinrich Böll, German writer and Nobel Prize winner (born 1917)
  • 1989 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (born 1908)
  • 1990 – Miguel Muñoz, former Spanish footballer and coach (born 1922)
  • 1994 – Julian Schwinger, American theoretical physicist who won the Nobel Prize in physics (born 1918)
  • 1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer, journalist and magazine editor (born 1960)
  • 2001 – Morris (Maurice de Bevere), Belgian illustrator (comic strip) Red kit ‘creator of (born 1923)
  • 2003 – Celia Cruz, Cuban singer (born in 1925)
  • 2003 – Carol Shields, Canadian-American novelist and short story writer (b.1935)
  • 2005 – Camillo Felgen, Luxembourg singer (born in 1920)
  • 2006 – Güzin Sayar, Turkish journalist and Sister Guzin Columnist who became famous for his column (born in 1921)
  • 2008 – Çetin Özek, Turkish lawyer, writer and journalist (born 1934)
  • 2012 – Stephen Covey, educator, business consultant and author (born 1932)
  • 2012 – Jon Lord, English composer, organist and pianist (born 1941)
  • 2012 – Kitty Wells, American country music singer (born 1919)
  • 2013 – T-Model Ford, American blues guitarist and singer (born 1924)
  • 2014 – Karl Hans Albrecht, German entrepreneur and businessman (born 1920)
  • 2014 – Faruk Ilgaz, Turkish sportsman (born in 1922)
  • 2014 – Johnny Winter, American blues guitarist, singer and songwriter (born 1944)
  • 2015 – Alcides Ghiggia, Uruguayan international footballer (born in 1926)
  • 2015 – Brian Hall, former Scottish footballer (born 1946)
  • 2015 – Ali Nar, Turkish poet and writer (born 1938)
  • 2016 – Ömer Halisdemir, Turkish NCO (born 1974)
  • 2016 – Nate Thurmond, legendary black American basketball player (born 1941)
  • 2017 – Trevor Baxter, English actor and playwright (born 1932)
  • 2017 – Régis Gizavo, Malaysian accordionist and musician of Malagasy origin (born in 1959)
  • 2017 – George A. Romero, American director, screenwriter, editor and actor (born 1940)
  • 2018 – Jerzy Piskun is a former Polish basketball player (born 1938)
  • 2019 – Rosa María Britton, Panamanian physician and novelist (born in 1936)
  • 2019 – Ernie Broglio, former American professional baseball player (born 1935)
  • 2019 – Sonia Infante, Mexican film producer, film and television actress (born 1944)
  • 2019 – John Paul Stevens was an American lawyer and jurist (born 1920)
  • 2020 – Patrick Ellis, American radio show host and production manager (born 1943)
  • 2020 – Cornelius Mwalwanda, Malawian development economist (born 1944)
  • 2020 – Neela Satyanarayanan, Indian writer (born 1948)
  • 2020 – Phyllis Somerville, American actress (born 1943)
  • 2020 – Víctor Víctor, Dominican guitarist, singer and composer (born 1948)


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