President Joe Biden and German Chancellor Angela Merkel meet in Washington on Thursday in what is likely the European leader’s last appearance at the White House before she resigns from her longtime post this fall.
The ongoing dispute between the United States and Germany over a Russian gas pipeline, called Nord Stream 2, is expected to be played out on Thursday between the two leaders of the Oval Office, according to senior administration officials. Climate change, Covid-19 vaccines, Russian cyberattacks, Ukraine and strengthening their democracies are also topics on the agenda, an official said.
Upon arriving at the Oval Office, Biden called Merkel a “personal friend, as well as a friend of the United States.”
âWe have a busy schedule ahead of us. We’re going to be meeting on our own for a while and we’re going to bring in some of our key people. And one of the things I want to talk about is the lasting friendship that the Chancellor has been so responsible for nailing and making sure it continues. And we are ready to take the plunge. The cooperation between the United States and Germany has been strong, and we hope to continue to do so and I am confident that we will.
The visit comes just three months before Merkel stepped down as Chancellor of Germany in October, having held the post for more than 15 years. Elections to replace the âChancellor of the Free Worldâ take place in September.
Biden is the fourth US president she has interacted with. And on Thursday, Merkel said it was her 23rd visit to Washington since becoming Chancellor.
Administration officials were consistent in describing the visit as a forward-looking “working” session, despite Merkel’s limited time remaining at the top of the German government. But after a decade and a half of visiting Washington, his last trip to meet an American president is a time to reflect on his legacy.
Merkel started the day with a breakfast hosted by Vice President Kamala Harris at the Naval Observatory. She is the first foreign leader Harris has welcomed into his residence since moving in.
They discussed “national and international issues, including current challenges, the history between the two counties and future efforts,” according to a White House official.
Following the news that the floods killed several people in Germany, Merkel called the floods a “disaster”.
“Here in Washington, my thoughts are also always with the people of our homeland,” Merkel said Thursday morning. âPeaceful places are going through a catastrophe in these hours, one can say a tragedy. Heavy rains and floods are very inadequate words to describe this – so it really is a disaster. ”
Biden and Merkel met face-to-face in the Oval Office ahead of an expanded session with assistants and a concluding joint press conference. Biden and his wife will host Merkel and her husband for a White House dinner with a “range of people” who have supported Germany. Minority parliamentary leader Kevin McCarthy, a Republican from California, is expected to attend the dinner, which will take place hours after meeting former President Donald Trump at his New Jersey golf club.
Merkel will also receive an honorary degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies while in the United States – marking her 18th honorary degree to date.
Officials said the leaders would unveil a “Washington Declaration” that sets out a common vision for cooperation on various political challenges, and a shared commitment to human rights and the results democratic leadership provides to the world. They will also announce other initiatives, including a âfutures forumâ which brings together Americans and Germans from different sectors; an economic dialogue; and a climate-energy partnership.
The meeting comes shortly after the White House recently announced that Biden would appoint Amy Gutmann as U.S. ambassador to Germany. If confirmed, she would be the first woman to fill this role.
So far, signs point to a resumption of warm relations between the two countries after four years of Trump’s âAmerica Firstâ diplomatic approach. This approach marked a break with the Obama administration’s foreign policy era – when Merkel viewed then-President Barack Obama as a “partner and friend.”
But in particular, Merkel has maintained that there will always be disputes between Germany and the United States with Biden as president.
“Don’t think that from tomorrow there will only be harmony between us,” she told reporters a day after Biden’s inauguration. âThere will also be arguments about how best to do things for our two countries. ”
Biden and Merkel have met on several occasions, and Thursday’s White House meeting will be their second in-person meeting since Biden was sworn in.
Following the G7 summit in the UK earlier this spring, Merkel said Biden brought ânew momentumâ to the rally. She said being able to meet Biden was “obviously important because it represents the commitment to multilateralism that we have been missing in recent years” – an apparent nod to Trump’s approach. She also invited the president to Germany.
Biden and Merkel have interacted on the world stage regularly since the Obama years.
While a vice president, Biden addressed a number of foreign policy issues as part of his portfolio, traveling to the Munich Security Conference each year and appearing alongside Merkel. At the time, Biden made known his differences with Germany over whether to send weapons to Ukraine.
Obama, meanwhile, visited Germany half a dozen times during his tenure – excluding stops at Ramstein Air Base, a common pit stop for Air Force One on extended trips.
But despite their commonalities, Biden and Merkel still have a number of differences that will be on the table when they meet in Washington on Thursday.
The United States believes the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project, which transports natural gas from Russia directly to Germany under the Baltic Sea, will give Moscow undue leverage over Europe’s energy sector. But the White House does not expect to reach a resolution when it comes up on Thursday.
Biden will share his “long-standing concerns” about Nord Stream 2 with Merkel, including his desire to ensure that it is not used for coercive purposes against Ukraine, according to an official.
Instead, officials believe Biden’s decision earlier this year to lift Congressional sanctions against Germany allowed “diplomatic space” for talks between the two sides, though no resolution on the thorny. question was not found.
Matthias Matthijs, senior research fellow for Europe at the Council on Foreign Relations and associate professor at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, said it was clear that Germany “wants to move forward with the pipeline and wants to reassure the US that it has won, don’t give (President Vladimir) Putin’s Russia the opportunity to blackmail the EU.
“The Germans are hoping to get the basic green light (Nord Stream 2), a commitment from the United States that they can increase their exports of liquefied natural gas to Europe, and will want to avoid getting dragged into a new cold war. . with China, where Berlin has its own commercial interests, âhe added. Matthijis also said the Germans hope the United States will lift their hundreds of tariffs on the European Union, but this is an area Biden is less likely to engage in.
China is also likely to expose the differences between the two leaders. Merkel has advocated a more cooperative approach towards Beijing – her country’s most important trading partner – even as Biden struggles to consolidate Western support for a more confrontational approach.
Those differences were manifested at the G7 summit last month, although Merkel joined other European leaders in signing a final declaration denouncing China’s forced labor practices.
Biden has been clear in talks with Merkel and other leaders about the need to “engage China from a position of strength,” one official said – a message he will repeat on Thursday.
Yet the Biden administration’s diplomatic approach contrasts with the Trump years.
During his tenure, Trump hammered Germany over trade and its lack of financial contributions to NATO’s shared defense. He decided to withdraw nearly 12,000 troops from Germany and accused Germany of being indebted to Russia for buying energy from Moscow. And he also started to personally insult Merkel over the phone, telling her at one point that she was “stupid”.
Merkel, in turn, has often spoken of Trump’s rhetoric and rebuffed Trump’s claim that Germany is captive of Russia by referring to her own upbringing in Soviet-controlled East Germany.
Merkel will be the first European leader to visit Biden in the White House. He met Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga in April and South Korean President Moon Jae-in in May.
CNN’s Nadine Schmidt, DJ Judd and Ryan Nobles contributed to this report.