Kafkas Diasporasi http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/ Wed, 11 May 2022 10:52:21 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/kafkas-diasporasi-icon-150x150.png Kafkas Diasporasi http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/ 32 32 Batch 22: Missed the OG DU life, students say | Latest Delhi News http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/batch-22-missed-the-og-du-life-students-say-latest-delhi-news/ Wed, 11 May 2022 08:38:43 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/batch-22-missed-the-og-du-life-students-say-latest-delhi-news/

It was when the university had just started in 2019 that a new group of students were admitted to the University of Delhi (DU), to feel and experience what is commonly known as university life. Now, as farewell parties are held at various colleges, most seniors are saying, “We barely got the real DU contract!”

“The last two months of being physically present at university have made me wonder how different my life would have been had it not been for the pandemic,” says Mihir Aggarwal, undergraduate (Hons) student at the Hindu College, recalling the times when he first entered. college premises. “At that time, it was all about understanding how different life will be from school. But, the fate of Covid has pushed us to do everything online, from layering classes to meeting up with bandmates and even attending parties. Imagine, we are probably the only batch in the history of Hindu College who did not attend our party, Makkah!

Miranda House students, who are part of the debating society, Suvakta, enjoy a physical farewell party.

Aanchal Khera, a BA (Prog) student at Miranda House, feels happy that she at least had the chance to organize her university festival. “It was a unique experience for our lot; one with a happy beginning and a beautiful ending. But whatever happened in the meantime, we have to put it in the past now and not feel bothered by it. The first seven or eight months of our university life were great, but after that everything changed. My classmates and I missed almost all of our college life — from chai breaks to playing with the cats on campus,” Khera says.

“It was difficult to get used to a virtual life. The transition to a physical life has also proven to be quite difficult for me,” says Rigzin D Nangso, a German student at Gargi College, adding, “Knowing that I was not alone in the face of it all made it bearable. We didn’t have the full three years to enjoy life in DU, but thank God we had time to make friends before the first lockdown. And now, after two years, we meet again. This is how unpredictable and ironic our lives are!

Author tweets @AngelaPaljor

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Russia-Ukraine live updates: Putin defends his war http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/russia-ukraine-live-updates-putin-defends-his-war/ Mon, 09 May 2022 18:39:30 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/russia-ukraine-live-updates-putin-defends-his-war/ She carried a simple bouquet of white lilacs as explosions echoed through the bright spring air. Tears streaked her weathered face, which was framed by a blue scarf.

Nina Mikhailovna came on Monday, as she does every year on May 9, to the eternal flame in a city park that commemorates the Allied victory in World War II. She came to honor the memory of her father, who was killed in 1943, and to remember those who died liberating her native Kramatorsk, in eastern Ukraine, from the Nazis, whom she remembers forcing her into the fields as a child to cut and harvest wheat.

At nearly 89, Ms Mikhailovna thought she would never witness something as serious as this war with the Germans. But the current war with the Russians is worse, she says.

At least the Germans were enemies.

“These are our people,” she said of the Russian forces, citing the intertwined history and family ties that unite Russia and Ukraine. As she spoke, Russian rockets landed close enough to rumble the ground where she stood.

“My niece lives in Moscow but was born in Sloviansk,” she said, referring to a Ukrainian town a few miles from Kramatorsk. “And now they are sending her husband to fight. What’s he supposed to do, kill his stepmother?

“That’s what’s so hard to bear,” she says.

Credit…Lynsey Addario for The New York Times

For decades, Ukrainians and Russians have been linked by their shared experience of World War II. Together they died by the millions under German fire and together they drove the Nazis from their lands. And every year on May 9, when the Soviet Union marked Victory Day, they marched in parades and laid flowers on monuments, always together.

But this year, as Russian President Vladimir V. Putin used the holiday to defend his invasion, praising Russian troops for their “fight for the fatherland”, Ukrainians hid in bomb shelters and fought in trenches and died in air raids, like their grandparents. so many years have passed.

The eastern region of Donbass, which the Kremlin is trying to capture in this war, traditionally sees Moscow as a political and cultural center of gravity, and many residents have close family ties to Russia. The war complicated this relationship. After Mr Putin annexed the Crimean peninsula to Ukraine and started a separatist war in the Donbass in 2014, the government in kyiv removed Soviet symbolism of Victory Day. Ukraine celebrates it simply as a victory over fascism, which some Ukrainians now also associate with Mr Putin’s government.

“We have defeated fascism and we will defeat Ruscism,” said Pavel Kirilenko, the governor of the Donetsk region, who arrived with heavily armed guards to lay flowers in front of the monument.

Mr Kirilenko spoke Ukrainian, but most of those arriving at the monument spoke Russian and expressed unease at the changes Ukrainians had made to what they called “our holiday”, even as they criticized the war and hoped for its end.

“Would you deny the memory of your grandfather? said Sergei Porokhnya, 60, when asked why he had come to the monument to mark the holiday. “Why should I deny the memory of my grandfather, who died after disappearing?”

Throughout Monday morning in Kramatorsk, sirens wailed and the thud of bombs and rockets rocked the city as Russian forces closed in from the north and east. They are not moving as fast as Mr Putin would have liked, but they are now close enough to Kramatorsk, a major industrial center in the Donetsk region, to keep all but the most intrepid, like Mrs Mikhailovna, away from the park which holds the WWII monument.

Credit…Lynsey Addario for The New York Times

At a hospital on Monday, ambulances arrived carrying civilians and soldiers injured by the day’s shelling. A 28-year-old soldier named Andriy, pale and shivering in a hospital bed, described a hellish bombardment that morning, which culminated for him when shrapnel split his thigh open and shattered his femur.

“It was obvious that it would happen on May 9,” said Andriy, who worked on a dairy farm in Denmark when the war broke out and returned home to fight. “We were ready for this.”

Another soldier in the hospital, a staff sergeant named Alekandr, showed video on his phone of intense fighting in the town of Rubizhne, about 80 km away. In one, he throws a rocket-propelled grenade at a Russian armored vehicle, which ignites. Like Andriy, he was comfortable providing only his first name, for security reasons.

He said he and his comrades were nearly overrun as they fired grenades and machine guns through the windows of a building. He escaped with a contusion and is ready to return to action as soon as the doctors sign off.

“We are no longer brothers,” he said of both sides. “It sure is painful. Why did my grandfather fight?

While some soldiers have insisted that the rift between Russia and Ukraine is now final, there is ambivalence about the war among residents of this part of Ukraine that can be difficult for strangers.

In Barvinkove, west of Kramatorsk, rockets rained down day and night, destroying homes and forcing all but the most loyal or stubborn to flee. But some people there are less enthusiastic about the ubiquitous Ukrainian troops defending their city against Russian forces coming from the north, said 20-year-old volunteer soldier Bohdan Krynychnyi.

Credit…Lynsey Addario for The New York Times

“Here we have problems with the locals,” Krynychnyi said as he took a break from the fighting to buy groceries at the city’s only active market. His call sign is Monk as he abandoned his training at a Ukrainian monastery to join the war. “They are waiting for the Russians here,” he added.

He described entering a house that morning that had been shelled by Russian forces. Inside, he said, he found a Soviet flag and an orange and black St. currently fighting against Ukraine.

Outside the city, the soldiers of the Ukrainian 93rd Mechanized Brigade celebrated their own victory. They had recently acquired an almost new self-propelled artillery piece with modern Russian firing and targeting technology and were learning to use it. The large armored vehicle, which can fire shells with high accuracy up to 20 kilometers away, had been abandoned by its Russian crew during a Ukrainian attack, said Major Serhii Krutikov, the deputy commander.

“We are using their weapons against them,” Major Krutikov said. “We don’t have this type of equipment in Ukraine.”

For Maria Mefodyevna, a 93-year-old Barvinkove resident who also remembers the arrival of the Nazis during World War II, all that matters is that the shooting stops. His house on a residential street is riddled with shrapnel. Her husband and sons are dead and she is alone.

“I just want the war to end,” she said, standing uncomfortably in her living room, wearing a blue floral dress and a headscarf. “I only have a short time to live, and of course I want to see who wins.”

Fraport to rethink Russian airport involvement if used against Ukraine http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/fraport-to-rethink-russian-airport-involvement-if-used-against-ukraine/ Mon, 09 May 2022 10:21:00 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/fraport-to-rethink-russian-airport-involvement-if-used-against-ukraine/

Stefan Schulte, Chairman of the Management Board of Fraport AG, speaks during a groundbreaking ceremony for Frankfurt Airport’s new Terminal 3 in Frankfurt, Germany April 29, 2019. REUTERS/ Ralph Orlowski

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FRANKFURT, May 9 (Reuters) – German airport operator Fraport (FRAG.DE) said on Monday it would reconsider its stake in St Petersburg Pulkovo if the airport came under Western sanctions or there were evidence that it was used by Russia to wage war on Ukraine.

Fraport said it was bound by a contract that did not allow it to sell the stake until 2025, and that it did not want to dispose of the asset worth 160 million euros ($168.11 million). dollars) to Russia. Read more

“But if there is evidence that Pulkovo is being used for the war in Ukraine, we will have a new situation. This could also apply in the event of new sanctions,” said Michael Boddenberg, Fraport chairman and finance minister. of the German state of Hesse.

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“We are therefore assessing the situation on a day-to-day basis,” Boddenberg said in a statement after an extraordinary supervisory board meeting he called on Fraport’s assets in Russia.

There are still no indications of Russian military flights from Pulkovo, Fraport chief executive Stefan Schulte said in the same statement.

($1 = 0.9517 euros)

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Reporting by Zuzanna Szymanska; edited by Joseph Nasr

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Grendel, Golems and Godzilla and more: For one weekend, UCSC becomes Monsters U http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/grendel-golems-and-godzilla-and-more-for-one-weekend-ucsc-becomes-monsters-u/ Sun, 08 May 2022 14:47:50 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/grendel-golems-and-godzilla-and-more-for-one-weekend-ucsc-becomes-monsters-u/

“We never heard the ‘Monster Mash’, just a song about the ‘Monster Mash’.”

—Randomman16 on Reddit’s Showerthinks

If “Frankenstein” has taught us anything, it’s that the nature of the monster must be misunderstood. As if to drive the point home, in the minds of most contemporary people, the term “monster” itself refers to a fun but rather silly area of ​​interest reserved for 9-year-old boys (and those with emotional maturity of 9 years). -boys under one), or it’s a disapproving buzzword for slapping someone for a serious moral shortcoming (“Putin is a freak!”).

But at least for one weekend, on a UC campus, the monster will get a fair review.

Yeah, there’s a thing called the UC Santa Cruz Monster Festival, and it’s a good chance to get rid of, like so many cobwebs, all those lazy guesses and misinterpretations that have accumulated around this word. From May 20-22, the Center for Monster Studies at UCSC (yes, that’s a thing too) will host a festival that blends scholarship and entertainment, to explore the many faces of the monster in literature, folklore, film and popular culture.

Of course, there is a scholarly roundtable on the many faces of the monster and the meaning of the monster in mankind’s dreams and nightmares. But that’s not all. The festival will also include a screening of the 1920 German silent horror film “Der Golem”, a staged reading of “Grendel’s Mother”, by ex-UCSC professor Kirsten Brandt, based on the famous monster from “Beowulf,” novelist Riva Lehrer reading her memoir “Golem Girl,” a horror-writing contest for UCSC students, and an ambitious multimedia show billed as a “guided tour” of mythological monsters.

Most of this monstrous mayhem will take place on campus. But the festival will also move to town to host a Monsters’ Masquerade Ball, free and open to all humans and humanoid creatures, on the evening of Saturday, May 21, at the Tannery World Arts and Dance Center, with prizes for best costume.

The Victor Frankenstein behind all this craziness is Michael Chemers, director of the Center for Monster Studies and chair of UCSC’s new Performance, Play & Design department.

Monster Studies is now just an affiliation of scholars who work on monsters, not yet a major program. Several departments offer courses on monsters, with several hundred students. Chemers’ popular theater arts class, “Monsters in Drama,” has between 350 and 400 students enrolled.

Chemers has been at UCSC since 2012. The son of Professor Emeritus of Psychology and former Chancellor of UCSC Martin Chemers, Michael Chemers has written several books on theater and drama, including his latest “Staging Stigma: A Critical Examination of the American Freak Show”. He says his favorite monster is the werewolf.

This festival is an offshoot of a 2019 event Chemers also brought to life called “FrankenCon,” a three-day conference about Mary Shelley’s timeless novel, “Frankenstein,” and James Whale’s film adaptations.

“As far as I know, it’s unique,” Chemers said of the upcoming festival. “I don’t think anyone else does stuff like that at all.”

Monsters have been a concern of researchers for eons, Chemers said. But monsters as a separate area of ​​study is relatively new. Chemers credits Jeffrey J. Cohen, currently Dean of Humanities at Arizona State University, with pioneering monster studies, dating back to the publication of his book “Monster Theory” in 1996. Cohen will be present at the festival, participating in a discussion of monsters in the modern age titled “Making the Contemporary Monster” with Chemers, bioethicist Rosemarie Garland Thomson and horror writer Mike Carey.

“It’s really exciting for me,” Chemers said. “These are three people that I look up to enormously and have had for many years. To be able to get them all together in one room so they can talk about creating monsters and what it means to be a monster in contemporary culture is very exciting.

Chemers himself is a central figure in the field of monster studies. As a theatrical arts teacher, he was a popular draw for his “Monsters” course, and he also wrote the book “The Monster in Theater History: This Thing of Darkness.”

So how does Chemers define “monster” in the context of this festival? He sees it as a creation of the human imagination.

“We’re not interested in ‘real’ quote-unquote monsters,” he said, “like the Loch Ness Monster. is not my problem. We are only interested in the cultural manifestations of monsters. Or, in how real people are referred to as “monsters,” like the Jews in World War II, as a precursor to atrocity.

Chemers said that the monster in folklore and literature was that creature trapped between two worlds, the human and the non-human. “(The monster exists) on the border between the possible and the impossible,” he said. “But that’s what Cohen provided us with, the monster like figure that has one foot in something we recognize and one foot in something impossible. So usually they exist on the border between two binaries that we don’t think we’re normally crossable – like, between man and beast, that’s your werewolf, right? Or between living and dead, that’s your vampire, right? Or by then it’s your ghost.

Playwright and director Kirsten Brandt also participates in the festival, presenting her play “Grendel’s Mother” as a staged reading. Brandt, a longtime professor in the Department of Theater Arts at UCSC, who is now at San Jose State, said her play focuses on one of Western literature’s most famous female monsters, the mother of the troll-like monster Grendel in the Old English epic poem “Beowulf”. Brandt’s play re-imagines the second battle scene from “Beowulf”, in which the heroes of the poem follow Grendel’s mother to her cave, where she and Beowulf fight to the death.

“I’m really interested in unpacking the ‘monstrous feminine,'” she said, “you know, the feminine monster, and how just by making a change of perspective on her, you can really talk about ‘Eh well, who is the monster?’”

The article, Brandt said, is “really about the collateral damage of women in wartime.”

Frankenstein and his wife

(Via UC Santa Cruz Center for Monster Studies)

Monsters have been part of the human imagination for millennia, from Medusa in Greek mythology, to Leviathan in the Bible, to the “Slender Man,” a shadowy supernatural figure that has surfaced in internet memes over the years. of the last decade.

“He’s a representation of the anxiety we feel when we’re on the web, being watched by corporate or government interests,” said Chemers of the Slender Man. “And it’s a new monster, because we’ve never had the Internet before.”

Popular manifestations of monsters such as the zombie or the vampire keep resurfacing as they are enduring and meaningful symbols of different recurring fears, in many different cultural and political contexts.

“The vampire has always embodied our fear of crossing the line between life and death,” Chemers said. “It’s a pretty basic fear that people have. But the vampire also embodies a lot of very interesting queer politics that change over time, for example. The zombie, when it first came out, it was very racist It was about the fear of slaves who might rise up against their masters. And then in the 1950s the zombies became communists. Now they represent globalism out of control.

Cultural depictions of monsters are almost always embodiments of human anxieties, Chemers said. Whether it’s Grendel, the ancient Jewish Golem figure, or the Japanese creation of Godzilla, monsters give shape and form to our fears.

“And so,” Chemers said, “when you go to see a monster movie, you engage in a therapeutic process where your anxiety is teased and shaped and then conquered. So it’s reassuring for you to see a monster movie, or seeing a monster play, or reading a monster story. It makes you feel like you’re going somewhere psychologically with your anxiety. But of course, it doesn’t really work. So, you have to do it again and again and again. And again.”

The UC Santa Cruz Monster Festival takes place May 20-22. All venues will be on the UCSC campus except for the Saturday Night Monsters Masquerade Ball at the Tannery World Arts and Dance Center. People interested in attending the monster ballmust RSVP. All activities are free, except for the multimedia “docent tour” of mythological monsters.Amdouat: The 12 Hours of Raon Sunday, May 22. For more information on the Center for Monster Studies,go here.

Racial problem, “true unity” to “eternal justice” – what Rabindranath Tagore said in 1917 about nationalism in India http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/racial-problem-true-unity-to-eternal-justice-what-rabindranath-tagore-said-in-1917-about-nationalism-in-india/ Sun, 08 May 2022 10:48:40 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/racial-problem-true-unity-to-eternal-justice-what-rabindranath-tagore-said-in-1917-about-nationalism-in-india/

New Delhi: Rabindranath Tagore was a genius polymath who inspired generations with his writings, music and art. He may not be known first as a philosopher, but his thought-provoking insights into the issues of his time kept him relevant for decades. And that is why the words he spoke at the beginning of the 20th century still seem contemporary and are quoted in all situations.

Tagore lived from 1861 to 1941 and during his lifetime produced many works of art, including poems, songs, music, plays, novels and essays, enriching future generations with a repository that continues to be sought after and treasured.

Tagore lived in India at a time when the country was about to shake off centuries of slavery and become independent. While primarily a poet, he repeatedly voiced his views on nationalism in India, sometimes deemed unconventional and sometimes ahead of their time. In 1917, a collection of his speeches on nationalism was published. One of them was called “Nationalism in India”. Tagore had delivered the speech during a trip to the United States of America.

On the occasion of his 161st birthday, here are some excerpts from the essay in which Tagore explained that India’s “real problem” was not political, but social, like in many other countries, and how the problem of race has afflicted the country “from the beginning of history”.

On the “racial problem” of India

“…since the beginning of history, India has constantly had its own problem before it – that is the problem of race. Every nation must be aware of its mission and we in India must realize that we look bad when we try to be political, simply because we have not yet been able to finally accomplish what our providence has proposed to us.”

Draw a parallel between India and the United States

“This problem of racial unity that we have been trying to solve for so many years must also be faced by you here in America. Many people in this country ask me what is going on with regard to caste distinctions in India But when I’m asked that question, it’s usually in a smug tone. And I’m tempted to ask the same question of our American detractors with a slight modification: “What did you do with the Red Indian? and of the Negro? For you have not overcome your caste attitude towards them. You have used violent methods to keep yourselves apart from other races, but until you have resolved the matter here in America, you have no right to interrogate India.

‘Adjusting races…’

“Despite our great difficulties…India has done something. She has tried to make an adjustment of the races, to recognize the real differences between them where they exist, while seeking a basis of unity. This basis is coming of our saints, like Nanak, Kabir, Chaitanya and others, preaching one God to all the races of India.

“Solving the World Problem”

“What India was, the whole world is now. The whole world is becoming one country through scientific facilities. And the time is coming when you too must find a basis of unity that is not political. If India can offer the world its solution, it will be a contribution to humanity. There is only one story – the story of man. All national histories are but chapters of the And we in India are happy to suffer for such a great cause.

The two alternatives

“The most important fact of the present time is that all the different races of men have come together. And again we are faced with two alternatives. The problem is whether the different groups of peoples will continue to fight against each other or will find a real basis for reconciliation and mutual aid; whether it will be endless competition or cooperation.

“We must prove our humanity”

“…those who are endowed with the moral power of love and the vision of spiritual unity, who have the slightest feeling of enmity against extraterrestrials, and the sympathetic insight to put themselves in the place of others will be those most fit to take their permanent place in the age before us, and those who constantly develop their fighting instinct and intolerance towards extraterrestrials will be eliminated, for that is the problem before us, and we must prove our humanity by solving it with the help of our higher nature.

Who is the biggest ? Country or the ideals of humanity?

“India has never had a real sense of nationalism. Even though since childhood I had been taught that the idolatry of the Nation is almost better than the respect of God and humanity, I believe that I have exceeded this teaching, and it is my conviction that my compatriots will truly win their India by fighting against this education which teaches them that a country is greater than the ideals of humanity.

“Follow Your Own Destiny”

“…I believe it is of no use to India to compete with Western civilization in its own domain. But we will be more than rewarded if, despite the insults to which we are subjected, we follow our own destiny.

“The future awaits those who…”

“We must know with certainty that there is a future ahead of us and that the future awaits those who are rich in moral ideals and not in mere things. And it is the privilege of man to work for fruits which are beyond his immediate reach, and to adapt his life not in slavish conformity to examples of some present success or even to his own cautious past, limited in its aspirations, but to an infinite future bearing in its heart the ideals of our higher expectations.

Nationalism a “threat”

“Nationalism is a big threat. This is the particular thing that for years has been at the bottom of India’s problems. And insofar as we have been ruled and dominated by a nation strictly political in its attitude, we have tried to develop in ourselves, despite our heritage from the past, the belief in our eventual political destiny.

On ‘True Unity’

“India is too vast in its area and too diverse in its races. There are many countries crammed into a single geographical receptacle… India… being naturally multiple, but accidentally we have always suffered from the relaxation of its diversity and the weakness of its unity. A true unity is like a round globe, it rolls, easily carrying its burden; but diversity is a multi-faceted thing that needs to be dragged and pushed with all your might. Let it be said to India’s credit that this diversity was not her own creation; she had to accept it as a fact from the beginning of her history… India has tolerated the difference of races from the beginning, and this spirit of tolerance has acted throughout her history.

“United States of a Social Federation, whose common name is Hinduism”

“India has always tried experiments to develop a social unity in which all the different peoples could be held together, while enjoying full freedom to maintain their own differences. The tie has been as loose as possible, but tight as circumstances permitted. It produced something like the United States of a social federation, the common name of which is Hinduism.

What India “failed to achieve”

“India had felt that racial diversity should and should be there no matter how inconvenient, and you can never constrain nature within your narrow confines of convenience without one day paying dearly for it. In this, India was right; but what she didn’t realize was that in human beings, differences are not like the physical barriers of mountains, fixed forever – they are fluid with the flow of life, they change course , shapes and volume.

“The Source of Danger in Politics”

“Those of us in India who have fallen into the illusion that mere political freedom will set us free have accepted their lessons from the West as the truth of the gospel and have lost their faith in humanity. We must remember that any weakness we cherish in our society will become the source of danger in politics.

The basis of nationalism is…

“When our nationalists speak of ideals, they forget that the basis of nationalism is lacking. The very people who uphold these ideals are themselves the most conservative in their social practice.

Simple in outer appearance, rich in inner gain

“Let our life be simple in its outward aspect and rich in its inner gain. Let our civilization take a firm stand on its basis of social cooperation and not that of economic exploitation and conflict… We should actively try to adapt the world powers to guide our history to its own perfect end.

On “Eternal Justice”

“…I will persist in believing that there is such a thing as the harmony of plenitude in mankind, where poverty does not take away his riches, where defeat may lead him to victory, death to immortality, and in compensation for eternal justice those who are last may yet see their insult transmuted into golden triumph.

Germany expects pro-Russian activities on May 9: report | News | DW http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/germany-expects-pro-russian-activities-on-may-9-report-news-dw/ Sat, 07 May 2022 17:33:18 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/germany-expects-pro-russian-activities-on-may-9-report-news-dw/

Domestic intelligence in Germany expects “car parades and demonstrations” on Monday in support of Russia, and possibly the invasion of Ukraine, German media reported on Saturday.

The Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution expects pro-Russian activities to take place on May 9 to mark Victory Day, a public holiday that commemorates the victory of the Soviet army over Germany. Nazi in 1945.

It’s “an ideal date to exploit for Russian propaganda,” intelligence agency chairman Thomas Haldenwang told Sunday’s edition of Die Welt newspaper, seen in advance by the dpa news agency.

‘Z’ symbol possibly displayed

“On this day of May 9, pro-Russian activities such as car parades and demonstrations are to be expected across Germany, possibly also showing the ‘Z’ symbol of the Russian army invading Ukraine “, said Haldenwang, according to dpa.

Police in several states in Germany have opened investigations into public displays of support for Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

More than 140 investigations have been launched, most involving the use of the “Z” symbol which has been seen at several protests in Germany alongside Russian flags.

The symbol became associated with the invasion of Russia after many vehicles that Russian forces drove into Ukraine had the letter painted on their side.

Several German states have classified the use of the symbol as a mark of illegal support for the invasion.

Security services are bracing for pro-Russian activity, especially in the capital, Berlin, and in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Germany’s most populous state, according to a survey by ministries of state. Interior conducted by the newspapers of the Funke media group.

The NRW Interior Ministry noted the “emotionally charged topic”, therefore not ruling out clashes.

Lindner: ‘No one’ should support Putin’s ‘penal regime’

In addition, German Finance Minister Christian Lindner told the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung newspaper: “No one should declare solidarity with the criminal regime of Russian President Vladimir Putin.”

He said he found it “shocking” that during a Russian war in Europe sympathizers of Putin’s regime would abuse the anniversary of the Nazi defeat.

With material from the dpa news agency.

Edited by: Farah Bahgat

Decolonizing the library is not getting rid of Jane Austen http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/decolonizing-the-library-is-not-getting-rid-of-jane-austen/ Fri, 06 May 2022 18:00:00 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/decolonizing-the-library-is-not-getting-rid-of-jane-austen/

A university was recently erroneously reported to be “decolonizing” its curriculum by removing Jane Austen — Open Democracy

THE Daily Telegraph’s headline was stark: “Jane Austen dropped out of college English course to ‘decolonise curriculum’”. The story was quickly picked up elsewhere.

Austen had been ‘canceled’ in favor of black American Nobel laureate Toni Morrison, reported GB News, the right-wing opinion-driven TV channel that launched last year to correct ‘woke warriors’ . The Daily Mail published a particularly provocative headline: “No Pride, lots of Prejudice”.

Little attention was paid to the statement issued by the Scottish University in the center of the row. Denying “erroneous media reports”, a spokesperson for the University of Stirling said it had “not removed or replaced – and we do not intend to remove or replace – the Jane Austen’s teaching of our program”.

But it was too late for the facts: decolonization was back in the national debate. This time it was a swear word, even though less than two months have passed since the UK government issued controversial guidelines stating that the British Empire should be taught in schools in a ‘balanced way’.

To update Austen’s famous opening line in Pride and Prejudice, it is a universally acknowledged truth that decolonization is fiendishly difficult and savagely contested. The history of the term, however, is not as much debated as the process. It is believed to have been used for the first time in 1836 by the French journalist Henri Fonfrède, in an article on the French occupation of Algeria. German economist Moritz Julius Bonn is credited with establishing the term as an academic concept some 100 years later.

Until the 1960s, decolonization was defined as a political phenomenon, but it has grown to include everything affected by the colonial experience, whether political, economic, cultural or psychological. In ‘Decolonization A brief history of the word’, published in 2012, the American historian Raymond F Betts notes: “Google listed as of December 1, 2010 some 750,000 sites to be decolonized”. As of April 20, 2022, there were about 11,700,000 results, or about 11 million more.

“Decolonization has become a common phrase rather than a practice,” says Deirdre Osborne, one of three co-authors of This is the canon: decolonize your shelves in 50 books. The recently published book, written by Osborne, Joan Anim-Addo and Kadija Sesay, is not meant to be a confrontation with the existing canon, but a way to expand and democratize it. Rather than recommending a mass cleansing of, say, the three Williams of the traditional Western literary canon – Shakespeare, Golding and Blake – the authors suggest an alternative selection.

“There’s no point in abandoning the canon,” says Anim-Addo, “it’s too ingrained in who we are.” We can’t pretend we can make it go away, but we can get a more realistic idea of ​​the world.

‘I love [Charles Dickens’s] Tough times,” adds Sesay. “I would never throw it away.” Rather than dismiss Dickens, Sesay would like to use the 1854 classic, set in a fictional Victorian industrial town, as a template for a contemporary African novel. “Maybe in the deep pit mines of South Africa or the surface mines of Sierra Leone,” she says.

This sweet assemblage of literary styles and stories across geographies and cultures is typical of the approach taken by the literary trio – two academics and a writer – to what Osborne calls the “thorny problem” of open to reading.

To that end, This is the Canon is an eclectic playlist disguised as a book. It includes writers and stories from around the world, with a particular focus on three ocean regions, the Atlantic, India and the Pacific. Featured writers include African-American Octavia E Butler, British-Jamaican Andrea Levy, Antigua-American Jamaica Kincaid, Franco-Guadean Simone Schwarz-Bart, British-Indian GV Desani, Algerian Assia Djebar , Trinidadian Earl Lovelace and Indigenous Australians Alexis Wright and Tony. Birch.

“It’s about putting together the missing pieces of literature, the pieces of the jigsaw and understanding the tangled lives we live,” says Anim-Addo, who together with Osborne launched Britain’s first Masters in Black British Literature in 2015.

Anim-Addo makes a good point. Our lives are deeply, inextricably intertwined, as shown in the “Adventures of Ngunga”, an early example of decolonized children’s tales, written by Angolan activist Artur Pestana. In the 1980 book, a 13-year-old orphan is involved in the Angolan war of liberation from Portuguese rule. The settlers are all portrayed unflatteringly, but so are some black Angolans. It makes the story more real and complex, says Richard Phillips, professor of human geography at the University of Sheffield. Translated into English, the book offered British readers an “anti-Eurocentric understanding of Africa”, says Phillips, “in which Africans speak for themselves and describe their own land, people and interests”.

In recent decades, the same has happened with fiction in India and other parts of Asia, as well as in whole swaths of Africa. In an article titled “Whodunnit in Southern Africa” ​​for the think tank Africa Research Institute, British academic Ranka Primorac notes the decolonization of African shelves over the years. Agatha Christie, Arthur Conan Doyle, Raymond Chandler, James Hadley Chase and others increasingly gave way to local writers adapting the popular form of “detective story” to local cultures.

Mind over matter

BUT is decolonization really as simple as getting British children to read books like ‘The Adventures of Ngunga’ or making sure African readers have their own mystery novels? Is it to get adult readers anywhere to immerse themselves in any or all of the 50 novels suggested in It’s the cannon? What if we decolonized mentalities? Isn’t this hampered by larger forces such as geopolitics, the international financial architecture and the functioning of modern markets?

The authors of It’s the cannon say “reading habits are fundamentally linked to mentalities”. Encouraging readers to “go on adventures” allows them to explore new worlds, encounter a wide range of beliefs, and see things from different perspectives. According to the authors, this helps change mindsets over time.

Small changes can, in small ways, set the agenda, says Anim-Addo. “If people are waiting for the biggest changes to happen, we’re already defeated.” These small changes presumably include replacing the “imperial gaze,” that angle of vision adopted by Europeans in the colonies, when entire continents and their inhabitants were rendered featureless for readers.

The debate on decolonization also means resolutely breaking away from the “post-colonial” label formerly applied to literature. “I don’t use that term,” Sesay says, “it was an imposed label, imposed as if it were a badge of honor, as it reinforces the suggestion that those who are called ‘post-colonial ” still live in conditions, which impose an inferior mentality on people. Osborne agrees, adding, “I follow Indigenous author Tony Birch’s view that ‘post-colonialism’ is not a luxury than for the academy.

Increasingly, writers from formerly colonized countries are taking control of the narrative. Two notable recent debuts are Elnathan John’s 2016 novel Born on a Tuesday and Jokha Alharthi’s 2019 book Celestial bodies. Both are reclaiming their home territories – northern Nigeria and Oman, respectively – following relentless disaster reporting or a persistent lack of reporting. John shows that life in the Muslim north of Nigeria is more than the terrorist atrocities of Boko Haram. Alharthi, whose novel won the International Man Booker Prize for Literature, paints a vivid picture of Oman and its people, the struggles against the British and the battle for modernity amidst tradition.

Neither the novelties in It’s the cannon but, then, the writing trio never said that was the final word – or even canon. The title, says Anim-Addo, was simply meant to “provoke a debate about what a cannon is”.

When the first critical study of decolonization — “The Wretched of the Earth” by Martinican author Frantz Fanon — was published in 1961, a review in the American magazine Time said: “This is not so much a book as a stone thrown against the windows of the West.’ As the debate over decolonization – of bookshelves and everything else – continues, this latest suggestion for a new literary canon is not a stone, but perhaps a gentle garden hose focused on filthy Western windows. .

OpenDemocracy.net, May 1. Rashmee Roshan Lall writes on international affairs. She has lived and worked in eight countries over the past decade, including Afghanistan, Haiti and Tunisia.

Major legal battle looms over NFT launch of August Sander photographs http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/major-legal-battle-looms-over-nft-launch-of-august-sander-photographs/ Fri, 06 May 2022 09:59:42 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/major-legal-battle-looms-over-nft-launch-of-august-sander-photographs/

Julian Sander called the August Sander 10K collection a “pioneering step” into a “brave new world”. Now, he says, “it’s become a shit show”.

The collection had to be historic. This would be the first time that the archive of a major figure in the history of photography would be made available as NFTs (non-fungible tokens), allowing a collection of historically significant photographs to be held in common. on the blockchain.

But a long-established cultural foundation in Germany has put a serious damper on the project, asserting a massive copyright claim over August Sander’s archive. The ensuing court case could set a new precedent, which could have far-reaching ramifications for the many photographers struggling with how to enter the emerging NFT market.

Julian Sander, the photographer’s great-grandson © Julien Sander

The plan seemed simple. Julian Sander, August’s great-grandson, would make the entire archive of the legendary German photographer – all 10,700 photographs – available as NFTs on the OpenSea blockchain market. They would be, Julian Sander wrote, “given away for free in the form of NFTs.”

Potential buyers would only have to pay an administration fee, called a minting fee, to own a digital version of one of photography’s most revered artists.

In doing so, the photographer’s great-grandson would “secure August Sander’s legacy on the blockchain.”

The project went live on February 10. It was carried by the August Sander family estate, run by Julian Sander, an art dealer and gallerist based in Cologne who co-represents the August Sander estate, with the Swiss gallery Hauser & Wirth. The project was launched in partnership with the Fellowship Trust, an NFT photography initiative co-founded by Mexican photographer Alejandro Cartagena, 2021 Deutsche Börse Award nominee and NFT Photography Champion.

A documented company

The project was launched alongside lucid evocations of August Sander’s historic contribution to photography. Born in 1876 in rural Germany, Sander was the son of a carpenter who discovered photography while working in a mine as a teenager. He was taught to use a camera by his uncle and initially pursued commercial photography before immersing himself in the radical artist group the Cologne Progressives.

Sander, who remained in or near Cologne until his death in 1964, created thousands of documents crucial to German society under the Weimar Republic and during the rise of Nazism, a project he called 20th century people.

Sander lost a son, Erich, a member of the Socialist Workers Party, to the Nazi regime during World War II. August’s remains are interred alongside those of Erich in the Melaten Cemetery in Cologne. August Sander’s son, grandson and now great-grandson each went on to work on the photographer’s archive, firmly establishing him as one of the most influential European artists of the last century.

Many photography enthusiasts dream of owning an original Sander print, and trade in the 10K collection was initially booming. More than 400 Ether (ETH, currently equivalent to around $1.1 million), were traded in a matter of weeks. Photographers of the caliber of Magnum nominee Gregory Halpern told his many followers that he purchased a Sander NFT from the 10k collection. “I keep hearing that photography will never be the same again,” Halpern said. “Now that really won’t be the case.”

august sander Raoul Hausmann as dancer (1929) August Sander Archives

Many photographers proudly displayed their new Sander purchase on their social media feeds alongside the NFT greeting “GM” (“hello”, a reference to the dawn of a new era).

And then, without warning, the collection disappeared. The archive, it appeared, had been removed from OpenSea. The reason: Julian Sander does not own the copyright to all of August Sander’s work, it is claimed. The 10k collection, if the claim is true, is therefore a violation of copyright law, and all Sander NFT trades so far may be in violation.

The copyright claim came from SK Stiftung Kultur, a non-profit cultural foundation based in Cologne. In 1992 Julian’s father and August’s grandson Gerd Sander, also a Cologne gallerist, sold August Sander’s archive to SK Stiftung Kultur, with whom he had worked closely throughout his career. career. The SK Stiftung Kultur holds the copyright to the archive until April 20, 2034.

From 1992, the distribution and preservation of 10,700 original negatives and approximately 3,500 vintage prints was therefore the responsibility of the foundation, not Sander’s family.

After the 10k collection went live, SK Stiftung Kultur approached OpenSea with a takedown notice. OpenSea complied on March 7 by suspending the sale.

SK Stiftung Kultur did not respond to a request for comment. But a terse statement on its website reads, “The foundation holds exclusively … unlimited in location, content, and time” all of Sander’s work, and thus “is the only legitimate representation of August’s estate.” Sander”.

On March 18, 11 days after the project was delisted from OpenSea, the Fellowship Trust and Julian Sander responded with a statement. In this document, they recognized “that a third party…claims to have certain rights in the photographs of August Sander”.

“But I believe that the complaint is unfounded,” said Julian Sander.

Talk to The arts journal, Sander expresses his anger at the disruption caused by the takedown notice, describing it as, “A ridiculous waste of time and money for everyone.” He adds: “People who perpetuate this fight should be ashamed of themselves.”

Sander has actively positioned the 10K collection as a unique innovation from the Sander archives. Introducing the project, he wrote, “We are building a platform to help this collection become a case study of how photographic legacies can be not only preserved but amplified through community, decentralization and blockchain.

Resale detail

What was not clearly mentioned was the royalty regime. Initially, the purchase of an August Sander NFT was almost free; a merchant would only have to pay the initial minting fee to own one. But, for all resale transactions, a 10% royalty reduction would be taken via a smart contract, with Julian Sander receiving 7.5% of all resales and the Cartagena Fellowship Trust taking the remaining 2.5%.

The project’s veiled commercialism has been hotly debated, with prominent photographers questioning its motives.

No, I’m not trying to get rich… I’m rich. i don’t need this

Julian Sander, gallery owner

Sander tells The arts journal“People are jumping on point. They’re all like, ‘Oh my god, he’s just trying to get rich.’ No, I’m not trying to get rich… I’m rich. I don’t need this.

Nevertheless, Sander argues that the commercial nature of the project guarantees its copyright legitimacy. As a non-profit organization, the SK Foundation is not responsible for the sale of works on the global art market, allowing Sander, in his view, to publish the images in contexts trading, including, in this case, an NFT marketplace. .

This means that Sander was able to create the 10K collection on OpenSea without involving SK Stiftung Kultur due to “fair use”, a technical term used in copyright law under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.

“OpenSea is a marketplace,” he says. “It’s essential to this disagreement.” Trying to sell images in this new market, Sander points out, is just as valid as trying to sell images at a physical art fair or a private gallery on Cologne’s main street. Each is as valuable a market as the other. As a gallerist, I work in the area of ​​fair use,” he says. “As a businessperson who sells photos, I am legally allowed to sell photos and make money doing so, through fair use. There is a clear framework there.

He adds: “One of the things that SK and their lawyers misunderstand is that they look at OpenSea as if it were Google Images,” he says. “OpenSea is a marketplace; everything is for sale. That’s why I was able to do this project. Because putting something on OpenSea means it’s for sale. And if it’s salable, I have the right to show it. That’s why I didn’t even consider asking for SK’s approval.

Sander also says he planned to share some royalties from resales with SK Stiftung Kultur.

“Of that 7.5%, I always intended to give some to SK,” he says.

The rest of the proceeds would go to “reimburse me for the hundreds of thousands of dollars I invested in building all the data structures,” he says. “None of this exists for free. I don’t buy the argument that culture should be free.

SK Stiftung Kultur and Sander are now locked in a legal battle, the outcome of which will not only determine the future of this project, but how copyright law as it is understood today , translates into the Wild West of blockchain technology. .

Local students embark on ‘a life-changing experience’ | News http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/local-students-embark-on-a-life-changing-experience-news/ Fri, 06 May 2022 00:03:00 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/local-students-embark-on-a-life-changing-experience-news/

The 3rd century theologian Saint Augustine is credited with saying: “The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page of it. Two Telluride High School sophomores, Philip Brooks and Liam Intemann, are about to go through many more chapters as they each venture overseas for the upcoming school year as part of the Rotary Youth Exchange. Brooks is heading to Austria and Intermann will be in Argentina.

Patricia Kiernan is Youth Exchange Manager for the Telluride Rotary Club.

“We are just starting the program again after a two-year COVID break and are excited to open this opportunity again,” she said. “The program is an incredible opportunity for a young adult to grow and develop while being part of an international organization that embraces peace through international goodwill and understanding. Students attend a local high school and participate in community events to learn about social, cultural and historical traditions.

The local students, Kiernan explained, are two of 15 students from the Rotary District of which the Telluride Club is a part, representing central and southern Colorado. Although the trip is yet to be confirmed, Brooks and Intemann will depart in August and return in June 2023.

A school year abroad is usually spent with three different families, with students visiting nearby schools and not only learning about the local culture, but also becoming part of each family’s life.

For Liam’s parents, Conor and Jamie, the notion of overseas travel has long been part of family conversations.

“Once Liam was old enough to talk, we discussed amazing opportunities to travel abroad, maybe even live abroad with family, and gain experience by immersing himself in other cultures and languages,” Jamie said.

It is therefore not surprising that their son – and only child – took the opportunity to participate in the exchange program.

“The best part is that Liam isn’t doing this for us, he’s actually the one embracing and motivating this opportunity, and we’re all excited for him,” Jamie said, “Of course he will be sorely missed.”

For his part, Liam will also be missed by his parents and friends, but the experience, he said, will be worth the challenge of swapping the familiar for the new.

“The adventure I’m about to embark on will be one of the most terrifying, amazing and exciting I’ve been on,” he said. “It’s new territory for me, leaving my family and friends behind for an entire year. The challenge of adjusting to a new family and learning the ropes will be unimaginable. But I chose to go abroad with Rotary to open my eyes and see all the opportunities that Argentina has to offer.

Philip Brooks considers his decision to take part in the program a “great commitment” and one that left him with “mixed emotions”. Naturally, because he will fully immerse himself in Austrian culture, which includes speaking only German.

“It’s going to be daunting and daunting going from the life you’re comfortable with into a whole new culture and language, a language that to me is practically new,” Brooks said. “By the time I leave for Austria in August, I will only have studied German for about five or six months and will have to speak only German with little or no help during the transition.”

Brooks admitted to some anxiety – will he get along with his foster family? – but said his excitement far outweighed any concerns. Previous travel experiences and a family trip to Morocco as part of his participation in the Telluride Academy program, Mudd Butts International, whetted his appetite for more.

“It’s the most excited I’ve been in my life,” he said.

Philip’s older brother Julien, a former exchange participant, was also instrumental in his decision to dive into the experience.

“Another reason for wanting to go on exchange was my older brother, Julien, who went on exchange to Vigo, Spain, his second year. Besides hearing about his incredible experiences, it was shocking to see him go. knowing almost no Spanish and coming back perfectly fluent,” said Philip. “It was also Julien who convinced me to go to second year because as he explained, we don’t want to go there. too young, but you also want to be able to enjoy your upper class years with your friends at home.”

For local Rotarians, part of sending local students abroad is understanding that Telluride will host an international exchange student. That student has yet to be named, but Kiernan said Rotary is looking for a third host family.

“He or she will stay with three host families to get a real feel for life in America,” she said. “We currently have two families vetted and are looking for a third to complete their experience,”

One such host family is the Intemanns. They are eager to share their life in the mountains.

“Instead of being empty nests while Liam is away for his second school year, we are welcoming a student into our home this coming school year,” Jamie said. “I hope this student enjoys rafting, skiing and mountain biking, but otherwise it’s okay. We want to give back to a great program like Rotary in any way we can.

Brooks, in addition to her excitement, anticipates nothing less than a transformation of self.

“I’m sure it will be a life-changing experience, to say the least,” he said.

Liam agrees and can’t wait to hit the road.

“This exchange is truly extraordinary, and I can’t wait to see this all fall into place.”

According to the Rotary website, host families volunteer to host a high school student for about three and a half months, providing room and board. Rotary covers the school and incidental expenses of the incoming student, so the financial burden on the host family is minimal. While it is optimal to have homestays with a student at Telluride Middle/High School, it is not necessary; foster families can have younger children, be empty parents or be single parents. Telluride Rotary is looking for a family for the incoming student from March to mid-June.

Contact Kiernan at kiernanpatricia6@gmail.com or 619-517-5336, soon. For general questions, email telluriderotary@gmail.com. To learn more about Rotary Youth Exchange and being a host family, visit mountainandplainsrye.com.

Visit to Ukraine by German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/visit-to-ukraine-by-german-foreign-minister-annalena-baerbock/ Thu, 05 May 2022 18:47:26 +0000 http://kafkasdiasporasi.com/visit-to-ukraine-by-german-foreign-minister-annalena-baerbock/

The Russian Embassy in Estonia on Thursday accused Estonia of restricting media freedom, citing notes published by the non-governmental organization “Reporters Without Borders”.

In a Facebook post, the Moscow Embassy said that since February this year, when Putin was launching his special military operation in Ukraine, Estonia has banned the broadcasting of more than 20 Russian TV channels and about 7 resources information on the Internet have been blocked. “Due to an imposed commercial boycott, the newspaper ‘Komsomolskaya Truth in Northern Europe’ was forced out of the media market,” Russia said.

On the absurd “suspicion of a crime against peace and violation of international sanctions”, a criminal case has been fabricated against the editor-in-chief of the Estonian Russian-language publication Satellite Media Elena Cherysheva, a-t- he adds. The Russian Embassy further stated that due to these acts of “political censorship”, about 1/3 of the Estonian population is deprived of access to objective and truthful information about events happening in the world. .

Estonia meanwhile responded to Russia’s comments, saying that Estonia “has played a leading role in protecting media freedom around the world”. Eva-Maria Liimets, Estonian FM, said: “I did not forget to accuse Russia of hiding and distorting the truth in the coverage of events in Ukraine.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, shakes hands with Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid in the Moscow Kremlin. Credit: AP