German Language – Kafkas Diasporasi Mon, 21 Nov 2022 21:50:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 German Language – Kafkas Diasporasi 32 32 Celebrating the Diverse Cultural and Linguistic Backgrounds of Students at MIT | MIT News Mon, 21 Nov 2022 21:50:00 +0000

The room was abuzz with lively conversations as nearly 70 students gathered to participate in the “Heritage Meets Heritage” event on October 27, hosted by MIT Global Studies and Languages ​​and co-sponsored by MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) and Hermanas Unidas.

Students participated in small group conversations on a variety of topics addressing cultural heritage diversity (their favorite, traditions, holidays, music) and issues such as linguistic heritage identity, multilingualism and multiculturalism , the perceptions of words in different languages ​​and the nuances of communication in different languages. languages ​​and cultures.

The Dean of MIT’s School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, Agustin Rayo, made a surprise visit, joining the conversations and then giving a short impromptu speech about the importance of embracing one’s own multiculturalism, to celebrate the diversity of cultural heritage at MIT and see it as a place where we can all find a sense of belonging.

The games, jokes and answers to questions in the Q&A contest drew laughter and applause. Trivial questions included:

● Where is the largest Japanese community in the world outside of Japan? (Sao Paulo, Brazil)
● Which African country has Spanish as an official language? (Equatorial Guinea)
● What language do the Amish speak? (a dialect of German known as Pennsylvania Dutch)
● Which country has the largest French-speaking population in Asia? (Vietnam)

The event ended with a tasting of foods from around the world: empanadas, steamed bao buns, pão de queijo, baklava, madeleines, pocky, etc. A playlist of international music served as a lively accompaniment to the conversations. Students also received a commemorative bag.

In their post-event feedback, students said they enjoyed the chance to meet other language learners, make new friends, engage in thought-provoking conversations, and sample international food. Freshman Michelle Wang said the event was a welcome change of pace that allowed her to “sit back and enjoy my time at MIT without the pressure of classes and homework.” Junior Alayo O Oloko commented on the group chats, saying, “The discussion questions were also very interesting, and many of them I hadn’t thought much of before.” Senior Toomas Tennisberg enjoyed meeting people from different cultures. He also enjoyed the games and the Q&A. “It was fun to learn new trivia, like Massachusetts’ third most spoken language (Portuguese) and the location of the oldest working library in the world (Lisbon).” Sophomore Hazel Mann said, “The food was delicious and I was very happy to have been able to eat food from different cultures. I really liked the baklava.

The organizing team for the event was led by Chinese speaker Min-Min Liang and involved other Global Languages ​​instructors, including Spanish speaker Mariana San Martín; Nilma Dominique, lecturer in Portuguese; and Maria Khotimsky, lecturer in Russian. The event was truly an opportunity to celebrate cultural diversity and learn from each other. In response to student feedback, Global Languages ​​plans to make “Heritage Meets Heritage” an annual tradition.

“All Quiet” Scribe Lesley Paterson is also a Scottish champion athlete Fri, 18 Nov 2022 18:10:00 +0000

There’s no logic to a career in showbiz, but some paths are more surprising than others. Lesley Paterson, one of the screenwriters of the German-language film “All Quiet on the Western Front”, is a world champion triathlete, born and raised in Scotland.

Paterson – who competed for 15 years as a professional and a five-time world champion – says her career makes more sense than it seems.

“I grew as an athlete and an artist at the same time,” she says. “Screenwriting is an exercise in discipline and dealing with failure. Success in sports and in film comes if you focus on the craft, not necessarily the result.

In both areas, “self-analysis is essential to success; it is casting and craftsmanship. Being a triathlete is a form of meditation: you spend hours alone. A lot of my creative juices came from those hours.

“Western Front” is Germany’s international entry to the Oscars; it’s also buzzing in other categories, including the screenplay adaptation by Paterson, Ian Stokell and director Edward Berger, from the Erich Maria Remarque classic.

In 2006, Paterson and Stokell read the novel and thought it was ripe for modern interpretation, following the Oscar-winning 1930 film and a 1979 American television version.

They were stunned to find that no one owned the rights, since Universal had let them expire.

The duo pitched their ideas to the Estate of Remarque in 2006. They spent 16 years trying to get it off the ground; “It’s hard to be on the outside, when you’re no-name writers,” Paterson says.

She and her husband Simon Marshall, a neuroscientist then based in San Diego, “mortgaged our house and borrowed thousands of dollars to tell this story. So many writers and producers give up. But you just carry on.

This is another case where endurance training paid off.

“We went through a lot of different directors and actors, and it was finance/no finance; we were a little at the end of our tether. However, the script reached German director Berger, who was enthusiastic. Berger liked their angle.

Paterson says: “It’s very much about the futility of war, of course, and the betrayal of the younger generation, with a historical context where you look at the powers that pull all the strings.

“The book is written like excerpts from a diary and we felt that dramatic tension was needed.” So they introduced the idea of ​​a countdown for the last six hours of the war.

Berger streamlined their work “and added a German perspective, to lend authenticity.

“We have decided to present this film as a German-language film at the Berlin Film Market in 2020,” she says. “Everybody wanted him” because of Berger’s reputation.

Her athletic background also prepared her for the male-dominated international film industry; in her youth, she was the only girl in a 250-member rugby club.

Paterson and her husband Marshall wrote a book together in 2017, “The Brave Athlete,” about brain training for athletes, but it clearly has lessons for others, including screenwriters. Both careers are about “dealing with constant failures”. She and Marshall now produce films together.

Paterson likes his manager. “He elevated our script, which is always your hope as a writer. I think we were blown away by the beauty of the film. We were very happy with the result. »

Strasbourg-born Germans in Russia heritage collection manager retires from NDSU after 55 years Tue, 15 Nov 2022 22:28:00 +0000

BISMARCK, ND (KFYR) — The State Historical Society says most of the immigrants who settled in North Dakota are Germans from Russia. That’s a lot of families trying to keep their ethnic culture alive, whether by cooking, playing music or speaking the language.

A native of Strasbourg has gone further and has dedicated his 55-year career at NDSU to heritage preservation.

Now he’s ready to retire, but he’s not ready to stop working yet.

In 1967, Michael Miller made headlines in his hometown Emmons County Record when he got a job at North Dakota State University.

“I was just a general librarian,” he recalls.

In 1978, Miller took on a larger role at the university. He was appointed to develop the heritage collection of Germans in Russia.

“In North Dakota, 30 to 40 percent of the people are German Russians,” Miller said.

Including Michael Miller. The youngest of six children, he grew up in Strasbourg, the son of German immigrants.

“My mother’s side came to Strasbourg in 1889, my father’s side came in 1894,” he explained.

Miller has spent his career preserving the legacy of his ancestors. This includes 23 trips to Germany and Ukraine as part of the “Journey to the Homeland Tour”.

“We took over 700 people from all over the United States and Canada back to their homelands to visit these villages near Odessa. It was a heartwarming experience, even for me, to walk the streets where your ancestors once lived,” he said.

Since 1996, he has written a monthly column that appears in newspapers across the Dakotas.

He has also produced 10 award-winning documentaries about Germans in Russia for Prairie Public. His favorites are those that include German cuisine.

“I grew up in Strasbourg and all these German Russian flower dishes with noodles, so it was very special, and then, you know, when you’re in these kitchens, with women, who love these foods, and then of course when you’re filming and taking pictures and interviewing, then you taste all that food!” he’s laughing.

Miller is working on an eleventh documentary; this one will focus on the homestead of Lawrence Welk.

“In North America, Lawrence Welk is the best known Russian German. It’s important not just to focus on Lawrence Welk, but to focus on the farm and the legacy of the Russian Germans in agriculture. So that’s really important, and that’s why we’re doing this new TV documentary,” he said.

The premiere is scheduled for fall 2024. Miller’s official retirement day is December 1, 2022. But for Miller, retirement is just a formality; he plans to continue working as long as he is healthy. He blames his German Russian roots for this.

“Germans in Russia, they have a quote that says, ‘Work makes life good,'” he said.

Safe to say, Michael Miller lived a very good life.

With 55 years of service, Miller joins Henry L. Bolley and CB Waldron as the longest serving employees in NDSU history.

In lieu of a retirement party, flowers or cards, Miller asked for donations to be made to the Germans in Russia fund. You can contribute here.

If you want to check out Miller’s documentaries, you can watch all 10 of them here.

Hope for G-20 consensus dims as Russia bristles at ‘unacceptable language’ over Ukraine invasion Sun, 13 Nov 2022 15:10:00 +0000 Russia and the United States failed to agree on the language of a joint statement following a multilateral summit in Cambodia, making it unlikely that the Group of 20 countries will reach a consensus in Indonesia either this week.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov blamed the United States and its allies for the lack of a communiqué at the summit of 18 East Asian countries, saying on Sunday that they “insisted on a absolutely unacceptable regarding the situation in Ukraine”. Russia refuses to describe its invasion of Ukraine as a war, calling it a “special military operation” instead.

Lavrov also accused the United States of splitting the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations and criticized NATO for stepping up its activities in the region. His comments on NATO echo a growing concern from China, even though the US alliance system in Asia does not include NATO’s collective defense agreements.

“NATO no longer says it’s a purely defensive alliance,” Lavrov said, speaking in Cambodia before traveling to Bali, Indonesia. “There is a clear trend towards the militarization of the region through the coordination of the efforts of local American allies such as Australia, New Zealand, Japan with NATO enlargement.”

US President Joe Biden will hold his first face-to-face meeting on Monday with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, who has served as Russian leader Vladimir Putin’s most important diplomatic partner. Yet earlier this month, Xi told German Chancellor Olaf Scholz he opposed the use of nuclear force in Europe, in the Chinese leader’s most blunt remarks yet on the need for nuclear force. prevent Russia’s war in Ukraine from escalating.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has divided the international community, with the United States and its allies imposing sanctions on Moscow and providing its neighbor with military aid and economic assistance. Other countries have balked at doing so or failed to condemn Moscow for its actions. The conflict has thwarted broader international cooperation, leading several multilateral meetings this year to end in contention.

Indonesia, which holds the rotating G-20 presidency, has sought to bridge the gap between the G-7 countries and Russia. But in the final days before the summit, hopes were fading that the two sides could find a compromise for a joint statement, making it likely that Indonesia will have to issue a presidential statement instead.

“On this particular war-related paragraph, there may not be an agreement, but we are still trying,” Indonesian Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati told Bloomberg TV on Sunday. She stressed the importance for the G-20 to deliver “very tangible and concrete deliverables” on areas like climate change and the pandemic, even if there is no joint communiqué.

Ahead of the summit, a Japanese government official told reporters that G-7 countries insisted on mentioning Russia’s invasion in any statement. While Indonesia sought common ground and Japan wanted to support the Southeast Asian nation’s efforts, the G-7 ultimately had to maintain its principles on Russia, the official said.

“Russia’s brutal attack on Ukraine”

When G-20 finance ministers met in July in Bali, Indonesia, some participants joked that the biggest achievement was that everyone stayed in the room when the Russian delegation spoke. The war in Ukraine has always dominated conversation, with the United States and its allies blaming Russia for global economic difficulties and in particular already rising food and fuel prices.

Speaking on Air Force One Sunday night after the ASEAN summit, White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan told reporters that the United States estimates the number of countries willing to call the Russia on the issue was rising.

“The direction of travel is positive,” he said.

While Russia’s war drowned out most other issues, there were agreements on food security, sovereign default risk monitoring, and longer-term work on digital banking and inclusion and climate risk mitigation. As with other gatherings of international groups this year, the summit ended with a statement from the President.

US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, who will attend the G-20 in Bali, told reporters on Sunday that previous meetings had not resulted in any communiqués because the United States and other countries “insist on discussing global implications of Russia’s brutal attack on Ukraine”.

“So many countries have said that the most important thing we can do to improve the macroeconomic outlook is for Russia to end its invasion of Ukraine,” Yellen said. “And there was broad support for that, but of course Russia is a member of the G-20, and there are other countries that are reluctant to criticize Russia.”

— With help from Rosalind Mathieson, Christopher Condon, Philip Heijmans, Michelle Jamrisko, Isabel Reynolds, Stephen Engle and Josh Wingrove

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Stanford linguists show how Nazis managed to kill Wed, 09 Nov 2022 19:00:01 +0000

A new study said the language the Nazis used in propaganda throughout their rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s served to slowly dehumanize the Jewish people, with the language changing over time.

According to a study published on November 9 in the journal Plos Onelinguistic analysis of Nazi propaganda from this period shows that the framing of the Jewish people shifted from focusing on disengaging the German people’s moral concern for them to suggesting that Jews had a much greater capacity for agency to be “malicious” after the Holocaust began.

“We studied the use of mental state terms considered fundamentally human: experience, the ability to feel sensations and emotions, and agency, the ability to think complex thoughts, plan and ‘act intentionally,’ said Alexander Landry, Ph.D. in organizational behavior. student at the Stanford Graduate School of Business and co-author of the paper, said Newsweek.

An image of the Nazi concentration camp gates in Auschwitz, Poland, circa 1965. The sign above the gates reads ‘Arbeit Macht Frei’ – ‘Work sets you free’. A new study has found that the language used in Nazi propaganda changed to portray Jewish people as having a greater capacity to be “malicious” before the Holocaust.
Keystone / Getty Images

Through propaganda, the Nazis portrayed the Jewish people as having less and less ability to experience basic human emotions and sensations, thus dehumanizing them in the eyes of the German public. It was potentially an attempt to make the idea of ​​the mass murder of Jews more palatable to the rest of the country.

“Recognizing others’ experiential capacity grants them moral concern and protection from harm, while recognizing others’ agency makes them morally responsible for their behavior. Jews’ experiential capacity declined from 1927 at the start of the Holocaust in June 1941, suggesting that they were denied moral concern and that this may have helped facilitate the start of systematic mass violence against them. the Holocaust, Jews were given greater agency,” he said.

Landry suggested that this may have been an effort by the Nazis to justify their continued persecution by portraying the Jewish people as intentionally malevolent and “highly capable of planning and intentionality”, while also being of subhuman moral character.

As Hitler and his Nazi Party rose to power in the 1920s, they made their position on the Jews clear, claiming that the Jews were to blame for a variety of misfortunes that Germany had suffered, including the loss of WWI. Once Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933 and took full control of the country in 1934, he passed a series of anti-Semitic laws, including the Nuremberg Laws, which prohibited Jews from marrying or have sex with non-Jews.

star of david statuette
A man lays a stone on the Jewish Star of David during the commemoration of Jewish victims of Nazi deportation inside the Turin Jewish Cemetery on January 27, 2022 in Turin, Italy. A new study by researchers at Stanford University has examined how Nazi propaganda used language to dehumanize Jews in the years leading up to the Holocaust.
Stefano Guidi/Getty Images

Towards the end of the 1930s, Jews began to be herded into ghettos and taken en masse to concentration camps. Between 1941 and 1945, Nazi Germany systematically murdered approximately six million Jews, roughly two-thirds of the entire Jewish population of Europe and one-third of the Jews of the world at the time.

Landry and his team collected 140 individual pieces of Nazi anti-Semitic propaganda ranging from November 1927 to April 1945 from the German Propaganda Archive, which contained a total of 57,011 words. They then assessed the prevalence of certain terms related to mental state, distinguishing between those associated with agency, such as “planning” or “thinking”, and those associated with experience, such as “hurting” or “enjoying”. “.

“We then used a psycholinguistic tool to quantify the proportion of fundamentally human mental state terms in propaganda text describing Jews. A nuanced pattern of results emerged. Jews were progressively denied the ability to mentally experiment human rights leading to the Holocaust,” Landry said. said.

This pattern could have been even stronger if researchers had had access to more propaganda of the time.

“Inevitably, much of the Nazi propaganda material was lost during the war, and even more remains untranslated into English. Most problematic is the relative lack of material we have from the period before Nazis came to power. Hitler (1927-1933) when the Nazis were still a relatively marginal political party that did not yet have a stranglehold on the German media,” Landry said.

James M. Shellow, criminal defense attorney and masterful cross-examiner, dies at 95 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 22:35:30 +0000

James M. Shellow, a criminal defense attorney renowned for his sharp cross-examinations and the pleasure he took in being a highly sought-after legal ace, including expensive wine and neat $100 bills, died on October 29 at his home in Milwaukee. He was 95 years old.

The cause was covid-19, her daughter Jill R. Shellow said.

In the courtrooms of Wisconsin, where he defended mob members, drug addicts and anyone else facing time in a cage – his description of incarceration – Mr Shellow was a legal legend and a mentor for criminal defense attorneys who revered his tenacious advocacy and 20-hour ability. working days.

“Jim was just at war with the universe,” said Dean Strang, one of his proteges. “He was the kind of guy who knocked the planet a few degrees off its axis – just a bold, irresistible human being. And he absolutely hated being deprived of freedom.

Although not as well known as Alan Dershowitz, F. Lee Bailey or Leslie Abramson, Mr. Shellow was frequently hired by attorneys across the country to cross-examine key witnesses, particularly in drug cases. , a topic on which he literally wrote the book – “Analyst’s Cross-Examination in Drug Prosecutions”.

“The cross-examination must implicate the personality of the witness,” he wrote in a legal journal. “He must give implausible or unreasonable answers. The jury must be encouraged by these answers to conclude that the witness is biased and untrustworthy and to infer that his opinions are unreliable. »

Mr. Shellow achieved this, Strang said, by getting prosecution witnesses to admit that they were either unqualified for their job or could not say for sure whether the drug in question – usually cocaine or heroin – was the chemical substance defined in the statute.

In one instance cited by Mr Shellow in describing his methods, he asked a prosecution witness to cite a single “recognized scientific treatise that said what you were doing was the right way to do it”.

“No, I can’t name a book,” the witness said.

“Can you name a book in any language, English, German, French, any language,” Shellow continued, “which is the proper methodology for analyzing cocaine? A treaty in any language?

“I can’t name a treaty,” replied the witness. “No sir.”

James Myers Shellow was born on October 31, 1926 in Milwaukee. His mother had a doctorate. in psychology and worked as a psychologist for the Milwaukee police. His father was a union accountant.

Mr. Shellow almost followed both of their career paths.

After graduating from the University of Chicago in 1949, he stayed and earned a master’s degree in psychology. There he dated another psychology student, Gilda Bloom, whom he married in 1950. Mr Shellow later worked as a systems engineer for Chance Vought, a manufacturer of military aircraft, and also became an expert -accounting. He found all of these experiences boring and unrewarding, so he went to law school, graduating from Marquette University in 1961.

Mr. Shellow’s first foray into criminal defense came during his third year at Marquette, when he read an article in Life magazine about a conspiracy trial involving Joseph Bonanno, Paul Castellano and several other high-profile members. of the mafia. The key piece of evidence on which they were convicted was a meeting the men held in upstate New York.

But Mr. Shellow, reading media coverage and later trial transcripts, noted that prosecutors had only presented evidence of a meeting, not that a conspiracy had been planned during it.

“Convinced that the argument was misplaced at trial, Shellow attempted to convince defense attorneys that they should press his case on appeal,” according to Wisconsin Lawyer magazine. “When his letters proved unconvincing, he took a train to New York and asked to meet with one of the attorneys.”

“After hearing Shellow’s spiel,” the magazine reported, “the attorney told him to enjoy the view and get home safely to Milwaukee.”

Mr. Shellow persisted. He took a train to Cleveland to speak with Osmond Frankel, a civil rights attorney working on the case.

“According to the story, after an hour, Frankel was convinced,” Wisconsin Lawyer magazine wrote. “He immediately called the other attorneys and they amended the appeal brief to reflect Shellow’s theory. The Second Circuit Court of Appeals agreed and all convictions were overturned. »

The criminal law defense consumed Mr. Shellow’s life, and not just by the sheer number of hours he billed. His wife became a criminal defense attorney and for years they practiced outside their home, where they raised two daughters who also became criminal defense attorneys.

Mr. Shellow reveled in his notoriety. Strang, a prominent criminal defense lawyer for Steven Avery whose murder trial was chronicled on Netflix’s hit show ‘Making a Murderer’, remembers the night Mr Shellow hired him.

“Let’s go have a good meal and get drunk,” Mr. Shellow told him.

Sitting at dinner, wine flowing, Strang said Mr Shellow predicted his success in the courtroom and outside: “You are going to drink too much. You are going to hunt women. And you’re going to be carrying $100 bills.

Mr Shellow’s daughter, Jill, said everything about her father’s tastes was true.

“My father didn’t quit until the day before he died,” she says. “He liked very good wine and he drank like a fish. And, frankly, he chased anything in a skirt.

In addition to his criminal defense work, Mr. Shellow has volunteered for fair housing and desegregation advocates, Vietnam War protesters and civil rights activists, including Father James E. Groppi, a priest Catholic imprisoned for contempt after a protest in the state of Wisconsin. House of Assembly. Lawyers from Mr. Shellow’s firm took the case to the United States Supreme Court and won.

Mr Shellow’s wife died in 2005 and their daughter Robin Shellow died last year. In addition to her daughter Jill, of Hastings-on-Hudson, NY, survivors include a brother and a grandson.

Strang, recalling Mr Shellow’s career, said his own life as a lawyer was not a complete copy of his mentor’s.

“I don’t drink that much,” he said. “I can barely handle a woman. But I carry a $100 bill in my wallet to this day. I will always have that $100 bill in my wallet to remember Jim Shellow.

]]> How Russia’s War in Ukraine Helped the FBI Solve One of the Biggest Cybercrime Cases in Years Tue, 01 Nov 2022 21:01:00 +0000

By Lukas I. Alpert

Investigators nabbed a key figure behind Raccoon Infostealer malware in the Netherlands after fleeing fighting in Ukraine

Three weeks after Russia began dropping bombs on Ukraine in late February, a talented young computer programmer named Mark Sokolovsky got into a Porsche Cayenne with his girlfriend to get away from the fighting.

The duo traveled through Poland and then Germany before stopping in the Netherlands, where they thought they were safe. Little did they know that the US Federal Bureau of Investigation and investigators in Europe had been watching them from the start.

Sokolovsky, 26, was named late last year in a sealed indictment in Texas federal court that alleged he was a key figure behind a ubiquitous type of malware known as Raccoon. Infostealer who prosecutors say infected millions of computers worldwide, stealing financial credentials and money from countless victims.

A few days after Sokolovsky entered the country, Dutch police arrested him in Amsterdam for computer fraud, wire fraud, money laundering and identity theft. He faces more than 20 years in prison if convicted and remains in detention in the Netherlands while fighting extradition proceedings that would send him to the United States.

Messages left for Niels Van Schaik, the Dutch lawyer representing Sokolovsky in his extradition proceedings, were not immediately returned.

The existence of the case remained under wraps until last week, when authorities announced Sokolovsky’s arrest as part of an effort to find possible victims. After his arrest, investigators said they managed to crack a giant cache of stolen data amounting to millions of email addresses and logins.

As part of their announcement, prosecutors and the FBI announced the creation of a website where people suspected of being victims can check whether their personal information is among the data recovered by investigators.

“This is a very, very important global case,” said Ashley Hoff, the U.S. attorney for the Western District of Texas, where the case was filed.

“We steal, you deal”

Raccoon Infostealer is an increasingly popular class of program called Malware-as-a-Service, or MaaS. The programmers who develop the Maas programs usually do not steal people’s information themselves, but rather license the software to other cybercriminals who use it to scam people. A copy of all stolen information was also kept by Raccoon operators.

Like any type of legitimate software, Raccoon Infostealer offered round-the-clock customer support and released frequent programming updates, according to cybercrime experts. The cost was $75 per week or $200 per month.

Raccoon Infostealer first appeared in early 2019 and was first offered for sale on Russian-language platforms popular with cybercriminals and later also on English-language platforms. Displaying itself with the slogan “We steal, you treat”, it made a splash, and it quickly appeared on the radar of cybersecurity experts.

“Because it was distributed as MaaS or Malware-as-a-Service, it was not used by a single threat actor or group, but by multiple cybercriminals, so it was quite widespread,” said Oleg Skulkin of Group-IB, a Singapore-based cybersecurity company. “For most cybercriminals, it’s much easier to buy or rent malware. It’s just cheaper.”

In March, shortly after Sokolovsky’s arrest, Raccoon operators sent a message to customers saying they had to close because Russia’s war in Ukraine had disrupted operations.

“Unfortunately, due to the ‘Special Operation’, we will have to shut down our Raccoon Stealer project,” the band said. “Our team members who were responsible for the critical components of the product are no longer with us. Thank you for this experience and this time, for every day, unfortunately everything, sooner or later, the end of the world happens to everyone.”

In Russia – especially at the start of the invasion of Ukraine – President Vladimir Putin forced people to use the term “special operation” to describe the invasion. Those who called it a war or an invasion risked a significant prison sentence.

While many cybersecurity actors have interpreted Raccoon’s arrest message to mean that key programmers were killed early in the fighting, it may instead be a reference to Raccoon’s arrest. Sokolovsky.

Raccoon operators did not immediately return a message seeking comment. They released a statement following news of Sokolovsky’s arrest last week that they did not know him personally and that when he disappeared in March ‘of course we thought the worst’ .

A few months later, a new version of the now compromised software was relaunched, with some critical adjustments to its programming, experts said.

On the run

Sokolovsky is from the city of Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine and attended university there. At the start of the war, the city was heavily bombarded by Russian forces.

According to an account on a blog run by respected cybersecurity journalist and analyst Brian Krebs, authorities were able to connect Sokolovsky to Raccoon through his iCloud (AAPL) account, which had been used to set up some accounts related to the malware.

This allowed authorities to track Sokolovsky’s movements, Krebs reported. It also allowed them to recover a photograph of Sokolovsky holding a large stack of cash next to his face.

For months, investigators observed Sokolovsky going back and forth between Kharkiv and Kyiv, the Ukrainian capital. Then, at the end of March, he landed in Poland, near the border with Germany. A photo was taken of Sokolovsky driving in Germany in a Porsche Cayenne with his girlfriend in the passenger seat.

At the time, Ukrainian men under the age of 60 were not allowed to leave Ukraine, as they were conscripted to fight the Russian invaders. Investigators believe Sokolovsky may have bribed him out of the country, Krebs reported.

Days later, authorities were able to focus on Sokolovsky in Amsterdam after his girlfriend posted photos of them together on Instagram, Krebs reported.

In September, a Dutch court accepted a US request to extradite Sokolovsky to Texas to face charges, but he appealed the decision.

Global reach

Prosecutors say that while Sokolovsky played a key role in developing the Raccoon program, he had several accomplices. Italian and Dutch authorities have been involved in the investigation, prosecutors said.

Among the data recovered by the FBI was some 50 million unique identifying information, including email addresses, bank account IDs, cryptocurrency addresses and credit card numbers, prosecutors said. . They say they don’t believe they found all of the data stolen via Raccoon Infostealer and are continuing to investigate.

Some of the data recovered included login credentials for several US companies and for members of the military with access to armed forces systems, according to court documents.

-Lukas I. Alpert


(END) Dow Jones Newswire

11-01-22 1701ET

Copyright (c) 2022 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.

In the west, nothing is new Thu, 27 Oct 2022 22:53:37 +0000

Violent content

In the west, nothing is new is about the horrors of war, and it depicts those horrors graphically. I won’t detail every moment of violence here; Instead, let’s cover the subject more broadly, while also touching on perhaps some of the film’s toughest moments.

People – countless people – are shot and killed. Others are sliced ​​or stabbed, with axes, bayonets and daggers. The movie wants to do the carnage we see personal: Hand-to-hand combat here doesn’t feel like war so much as outright murder. (The film contrasts these horribly brutal scenes with moments spent with the German commanding general, who sits by the fire and gorges himself on delicacies. “It’s been 50 years since there was a war,” he said to a deputy, wiping the grease off his pants. . “What’s a soldier without a war?”)

However, World War I introduced a legion of new ways to kill, and we see them in action. Soldiers get run over by tanks, and we see their bodies reduced to meat and spurting blood. Others are immolated by flamethrowers. Dozens of bodies are found in a building, victims, we are told, of a gas attack. Grenades are thrown and find their marks. Artillery shells explode, sending people flying, alive and dead. Buildings collapse on soldiers still alive. Some make it, some don’t.

Corpses (mainly of men, but also of horses) lie everywhere. One of Paul’s first tasks is to participate in the German version of identity discs to identify the dead: he finds one of his friends, his face mutilated by an explosion, a leg missing at the knee. The soldiers walk through pools of blood. Half of a human carcass hangs from a tree, 30 or 40 feet in the air. It was blown there, we are told, by artillery fire.

But that’s not enough carnage, apparently, to drive the point home.

In one harrowing scene, a French and German soldier is seen fighting in the crater left by an artillery shell. The German finally stabs the Frenchman several times, but the man will not die. Instead, he chokes and gurgles with his blood until the German inserts dirt into the man’s mouth. It’s still not enough: for minutes, maybe hours, this little struggle for life goes on, the German holding his ears while the Frenchman gurgles, until the German decides to save man instead. He looks at bloody wounds, wipes dirt from his face and around his mouth. Only then does the Frenchman breathe his last. The German finds his wallet and a photo of the man’s wife and daughter.

In another scene, an injured man (with terrible leg injuries) is given food and a fork. He quickly stabs himself several times in the neck with the utensil, bleeding as his friends try to save him and another soldier, cold eyes, looks at him, as if to say that such atrocities are as common as mosquitoes. .

Returning to the armistice talks, Erzberger and others talk about the casualty rates of the war: About 40,000 soldiers had died in the previous weeks before the talks began. When a German looks at the armistice and is appalled at the terms offered – that Germany would be no worse off if it followed the war to its conclusion – Erzberger adds: “Except with a few hundred thousand more dead . “

BTS: All Calm on the Western Front, Netflix | Industry trends Tue, 25 Oct 2022 10:17:32 +0000

“People said it was a beautiful film, but it should be beautiful in its horror,” says James Friend, ASC BSC. “It shouldn’t be comfortable to watch. It doesn’t have to be aesthetically lavish.

He adds, “If you have a story that takes place in the trenches, there are only a limited number of ways to do it without it feeling fancy or too forced. We wanted our film to be very natural. People have compared it to [Sam Mendes’] 1917, but the only thing they have in common is the World War I setting.

“It exposes the reality of war and how to enter with a naive attitude like those poor children did, because they are seduced by their government, their country and their elders. There is a saying of [credited to Franklin D. Roosevelt] “War is young people dying and old people talking”. It’s something that has always affected me. Audiences should be very optimistic at first and should come out completely broken.

German director Edward Berger, with whom Friend worked the mini-series Patrick Melrose, is traced back to the 1929 source novel by Erich Maria Remarque who wrote the fiction inspired by his personal experience of World War I. In all areas, from the scenography by Christian Goldbeck to the arms, props and costumes by Lisy Christl, they sought historical authenticity.

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“I read the novel by Remarque in school when I was about 16,” says Friend. “Edward and I were very conscious not to remake the previous films but to make a new adaptation of the book. I reread it cover to cover in two nights. Our approach was to show the horror of the war, how brutal it really was.

Quiet on the western front_©Reiner Bajo (3)

The story is largely experienced from the point of view of a young soldier, a fresh recruit at the start of the film (played by Felix Kammerer). Berger’s screenplay adds scenes from the November 1918 ceasefire negotiations in a railway carriage in the forest of northern France. Thus, we get a bird’s eye view to complement the bird’s eye view of the soldiers. He also wrote a prologue in which we follow the fate of a soldier in scenes that seem strangely prescient of what may be happening in Russia currently during his public mobilization.

All Quiet On The Western Front, Netflix: The Set

The extensive battlefield scenes were shot at a Soviet-era airport in Milovice, Czech Republic. Production dug several hundred yards of trenches for the French and German lines, a no man’s land between the two and the hinterland strewn with barbed wire, bomb craters, carcasses and dead animals. The trenches were linked to allow the construction of extended camera shots following the actors over long distances.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (10)

The airfield was also chosen because it faced completely south of its hero angle. The sun rose on the “French” side, and it set perfectly on the “German” side, which allowed Friend to film all day against the light.

“What’s not very apparent when you watch the movie is that there was a battlefield dead zone in the north direction, so we could treat the location as a three-walled set. “, he says. “I was a little afraid that it wouldn’t work. But it did.

Getting around this battlefield while filming was a challenge. The production had imported mud to cover the set and dug craters, also moving this dirt through the location. It snowed before filming began in March and April, thawing to exacerbate the mudbath.

“Even getting from A to B on foot was a huge challenge, not to mention carrying the camera and lighting handle. Much of what you see is hands-on with special effects digging mortars into the ground, exploding large amounts of dirt and dust.The general approach was to do as much as possible behind closed doors.

All Quiet On The Western Front, Netflix: cameras and lighting

The logistics of transporting a camera to this terrain dictated the use of a smaller and lighter Alexa Mini LF and DNA lens on a Stabileye gimbal operated by Danny Bishop.

A shot near the start of the film could only have been accomplished with this kit (and Bishop’s skills). In it, the operator moves through the muddy corridor of a trench with extras passing by and explosions going off. A Technocrane then lifts the camera from the Grip’s hands and places it over the trench before two more Grips grab the camera again to rush through no man’s land. Berger added an explosion at the top of the trench to mask the second or two it took for the handles to regain control of the camera from the crane.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (2)

Another remarkable shot follows Paul (in this case, a stuntman) running away from the camera before being suddenly thrown (by a grenade) into a deep crater and rolling in the water. For this, Bishop was hitched to a wire drop rig normally used to suspend actors allowing him to perform the jump with the stuntman.

“The technique has been used a few times, such as tracking stuntmen out of windows, but this is the first time I’ve seen it used in a high-octane warfare environment,” Friend says.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (3)

Camera ‘A’ was the IMAX-certified Alexa 65 which gave Friend greater immersion. “People tend to associate 65mm with landscape photography, but we’ve found it very appealing to place these large format cameras in tight spaces, such as trenches, hallways or smaller rooms where it can enhance the claustrophobia. Also, we wanted to bring the human field of vision into these environments.

For example, in a scene showing the play’s villain, General Friedrichs, enjoying a rich candlelit dinner, the 65 lent a majesty that the LF may not have had. “The softer look and shallower depth of field captures the essence of the scene we’re trying to portray, which is how far the officer class is from the front line,” says Friend.

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For the night work, he chose the superior light sensitivity of the Sony Venice plus Tribe7 Blackwing7 Primes and had a huge softbox built to float above the set of 60 SkyPanels casting background lighting.


“I put a lot of smoke in the deep bottom and it was dissipating fast enough that it didn’t get too close to the camera,” the DP explains. “I didn’t want it to look hazy or smoky, just to feel like things were smoldering. I lit the smoke using two ARRI Max 18kW (at the furthest point from the battlefield) to give a sense of scale and we used a SkyPanel S-360 on a rig aerial Condor through a 12″ x 12″ spread to illuminate the actors with a few additional small LED lights on the floor.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (4)

An ARRI Orbiter light was also deployed for nighttime visuals. This LED luminaire has a sensor capable of recording the color and intensity of the light. After turning off all the lights, the team fired flares to get a reading, then programmed that information through a lighting desk.

“When I wanted to light up the actors on the battlefield with the illusion of a real flare, we could run that information through the softbox so it would flicker at an appropriate frequency and give us an accurate color to match the flares. This worked surprisingly well.

All Quiet on the Western Front, Netflix: LUT

The budget didn’t allow for Livegrade, Friend’s favorite software for appearance management, so he needed an alternative that was both portable and durable; “We couldn’t push DIT carts on set.” He shot a variety of costume tests and worked with Goldcrest colorist Andrew Daniel to build a LUT show. Daniel then noted with Friend for two weeks around Christmas 2021.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (9)

“I love working with natural light and did our best to shoot in flat, overcast light as much as possible to give the story the atmosphere it needed.”

The local architecture, largely Bohemian, has been transformed into Flemish or French architecture. Other sets were created at the Barrandov studio in Prague, including several train compartments used for scenes where German and French military leaders negotiate peace.

BTS All Calm on the Western Front (6)

The Netflix release is a German foreign-language film that presented additional hurdles for Friend.

“When Edward called me and said we were going to do it in German, he asked me what I thought. I had never really had this problem before, how to navigate an entire movie in foreign language. On the set, the team was Czech and English was the common language. I had an English version of the script and I had read it dozens of times, so it was very easy to follow what was happening Every once in a while, when we had to do a camera move, my operator would check with the script supervisor if we had the right line. At first it was a little daunting, but after we shot the first scene it has become second nature.

All Quiet On The Western Front is now available on Netflix.

Read more In the wings

Autumn traditions around the world | Top countries Fri, 21 Oct 2022 18:03:00 +0000

Although many English-speaking countries spend October waiting for the thrill of Halloween, the month is also marked by a host of other traditions around the world – from one-day holidays to full-on festivals.

While some, like Oktoberfest, share the carnivalesque tone of Halloween, many highlight religious customs or pay homage to local traditions. Here is a non-exhaustive overview of October traditions around the world:

A young girl takes a look at the jack-o’-lanterns at the Roger Williams Park Zoo in Providence, RI on October 8, 2012.(Charles Krupa/AP Photo)

The holiday now known as Halloween originated from the Celtic festival Samhain, which marked the end of the harvest season. In the eighth century AD, the Catholic Church designated November 1 as All Saints’ Day, and the eve eventually became All Hallows Eve or Halloween. Bonfires, costumes, and a connection between the lands of the living and the dead are among the ideas that have survived the catholization of the holiday.

This combination of images created on October 21, 2018 shows (left to right top) Arlette Ortiz, Jessica Esquivias, Alejandria Copado and Jossy Javier and (left to right bottom) Victoria Garcia, Donovan Sanchez, Jimmy Roman and Monica Molina disguised as

Dated October 21, 2018, this photo collage shows (left to right, top) Arlette Ortiz, Jessica Esquivias, Alejandria Copado and Jossy Javier, and (left to right, bottom) Victoria Garcia, Donovan Sanchez, Jimmy Roman and Monica Molina portraying “Catrina”, a Mexican depiction of death, before Catrinas’ march in Mexico City.(Omar Torres/AFP via Getty Images)

El Día De Los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, originated in Mexico. Although celebrations in many regions begin on October 31 and preparations can take weeks, most festivities take place on November 1 and 2. holidays. With celebrations that often include candy skulls and painted faces, the party has something for all ages. However, the heart of the tradition goes beyond tricks and treats. El Día de Los Muertos is rooted in the remembrance and commemoration of loved ones, notably through the creation of altars and “ofrendas”, or offerings, made in their honor in homes or in cemeteries.

The holiday recalls Aztec beliefs about the afterlife, which after the 16th century were married to Spanish Catholicism, hence the overlap with All Saints Day.

A slum settlement is decorated with lanterns and lights as it celebrates Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights, in Mumbai, India, Friday, Nov. 13, 2020. India's festival season this year has started on a subdued note with the Dussehra celebrations last month, but traders now say people have come out of homes and flocked to commercial areas in major Indian cities, including New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Lucknow and Patna, this week.  (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)

Houses decorated with lanterns and lights are seen during Diwali in Mumbai, India, November 13, 2020.(Rafiq Maqbool/AP Photo)

Diwali, which translates from Hindi as “Festival of Lights”, is a five-day festival celebrated from late October to early November, according to the Hindu lunar calendar, with this year’s festival starting on October 24. Although it is observed by four of India’s major religious groups – Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists – it has a slightly different meaning for each, and it is celebrated across much of South Asia. For Hindus, for example, Diwali is associated with various legends, in particular the return of Lord Rama and his wife Sita to the ancient Indian city of Ayodhya, which is celebrated with firecrackers, and the honoring of deities such as Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth.

However, all celebrations are marked by family visits, exchange of gifts, fireworks and diyas, terracotta lamps lit during rituals and celebrations.

Young women raise glasses of beer at the opening of the 185th beer festival

Women raise glasses of beer during the opening of the 185th “Oktoberfest” beer festival in Munich, Germany, September 22, 2018.(Matthias Schrader/AP Photo)

Despite its name, Oktoberfest straddles September and October, with this year’s festival opening on September 17 and ending on October 3. Well known for its promotion of beer – of which 5.6 million liters were consumed this year alone – the festival, now in its 187th year, also celebrates the culture of Bavaria, the German state where the festivities take place.

Bavarians in traditional costume and millions of tourists invade the festival grounds, led by the “Münchner Kindl” (or “Child of Munich”), the mascot of the city of Munich. Although his official residence is in Munich, Germany, celebrations have erupted across the globe – from Argentina to Australia to the United States.

Buddhist monks line up for lunch during the Pchum Ben (Festival of Death) festival at a pagoda in Phnom Penh on September 13, 2022. - The festival consists of 15 days of prayers to honor deceased family members, visitation of temples and food offered to monks.  (Photo by TANG CHHIN Sothy/AFP) (Photo by TANG CHHIN SOTHY/AFP via Getty Images)

Buddhist monks line up for lunch during the Pchum Ben (Death Day) festival at a pagoda in Phnom Penh on September 13, 2022.(Tang Chhin Sothy/AFP via Getty Images)

Pchum Ben marks the final day of a 15-day festival of the same name in Cambodia. Although this year’s festivities took place on September 25, they vary from year to year from mid-September to mid-October.

Similar to Día de Los Muertos, this tradition also has emphasizes the remembrance and veneration of ancestors, although it is also associated with Buddhist beliefs around karma and incorporates Buddhist temples and monks. In the Khmer language, “pchum” means to gather and “ben” a ball of food, especially rice, for observers to offer food offerings to their deceased loved ones and celebrate the end of Buddhist Lent, Vassa.

Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men from the Kiryat Sanz Hasidic sect pray on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean Sea as they take part in a Tashlich ceremony, in Netanya, Israel, Monday, Oct. 3, 2022. Tashlich, which means

Orthodox Jewish men from the Kiryat Sanz Hasidic sect pray near the Mediterranean Sea and take part in a ceremony ahead of Yom Kippur on October 3, 2022.(Ariel Schalit/AP Photo)

Yom Kippur is considered Judaism’s holiest holiday and, like the aforementioned traditions, its date is variable, falling between late September and mid-October, or 10 days after Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. As the “Sabbath of Sabbaths”, Jewish observers fast from sundown to sundown, pray and avoid work as a means of atoning and purifying. After all, “Yom Kippur” means Day of Atonement in Hebrew.

After sunset on the second day, the fast is broken with a large festive meal.