German Language – Kafkas Diasporasi Mon, 17 Jan 2022 22:59:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 German Language – Kafkas Diasporasi 32 32 Bayern’s Robert Lewandowski wins FIFA ‘The Best’ award | Sports | German football and major international sports news | DW Mon, 17 Jan 2022 19:32:24 +0000

“You broke records, and you too deserved to win,” Lionel Messi told Robert Lewandowski after the Argentine picked up his seventh Ballon d’Or in Paris in November. “You had an incredible season.”

But 41 Bundesliga goals, breaking legendary Gerd Müller’s record, plus five more in the Champions League, weren’t enough for the Bayern Munich striker.

Now, however, the Polish hitman has been honored after all after being crowned FIFA ‘The Best’ Men’s Player of the Year for the second year in a row, beating competition from fellow finalists Messi and Mohamed Salah.

Better than Gerd Muller

Exceptional is just one of the words that can be used to describe what Lewandowski has achieved in the Bundesliga and the Champions League in recent years.

The 33-year-old broke Gerd Müller’s record of 40 goals in the German top flight, a record believed to be unbreakable, throughout the season after winning the sextuple with Bayern and being voted the UEFA World Footballer year.

And, in the current campaign, the Pole has already scored 34 goals in 27 competitive games for Bayern, including a hat-trick against Cologne at the weekend which took their Bundesliga tally to 23 in 19.

These are numbers that catapult footballers to elite status, but there are few superstars as down-to-earth as the unassuming Pole. That’s why, in the run up to November’s Ballon d’Or and this month’s FIFA ‘The Best’ awards, others have been talking about Lewandowski, not him.

“I would be delighted if he won it – it would certainly be well deserved,” Bayern head coach Julian Nagelsmann said after the Cologne game, in which Lewandowski became just the second player to reach 300 goals. in the Bundesliga – after the great Müller.

“It’s not just his goals, however, he also works really hard and is always in the right position,” Nagelsmann said. “One of his great qualities is that he also launches a lot of attacks before sprinting into the box to wait for a cross or a pass.

Bayern captain Manuel Neuer said: “We are happy and grateful that he is playing for us. He is a machine in the box, he holds the ball brilliantly and his finishing is unique.”

The performance peak becomes a plateau

Despite being at an age where other professionals are already thinking out loud about ending their careers or struggling to keep up with the best in the world, Lewandowski has managed to maintain his incredible form. The 33-year-old has long been of world-class caliber, but the zenith of his career has stretched to an endless plateau.

Forty-one, 34, 22, 29, 30, 30 – that’s how many goals Lewandowski has scored in the last six Bundesliga seasons. He was the league’s top scorer five times, adding to the only Torjägerkanone he won while on the books at Borussia Dortmund. In the history of the highest German level, he is only 65 goals behind legendary striker Gerd Müller, an all-time high of 365.

His Champions League experiences tell a similar story with the Pole currently on 82 career goals. Only Messi (123) and Cristiano Ronaldo (140) have more.

Too lanky to turn pro

During Lewandowski’s youth, it was uncertain whether his career would reach such heights. Born in Warsaw in 1988, his football career began with clubs in the Polish capital, but without much success at first.

Lewandowski has scored 300 goals in the Bundesliga – only Müller has scored more

At Legia Warsaw, his coach deemed the then 18-year-old too weak for the first team. The club doctor even advised the Bobek (the “little one”), as Lewandowski called himself at the time, against even trying to make it as a professional. But Lewandowski persevered, took a detour to third division club Znicz Pruszkow and from there his goalscoring form took off.

That remained the case even after joining Ekstraklasa side Lech Poznan two years later. He made his debut for the national team at the age of 20 and marked it with his first international goal. Today he is Poland’s top scorer and captain of the national team.

In 2010, Lewandowski moved to Borussia Dortmund in the Bundesliga. He was a two-time German champion with BVB under Jürgen Klopp and a German Cup winner once. In 2014, he followed Bayern’s call to Munich and continued to collect titles there. He has now won the Bundesliga title nine times, lifted the German Cup three more times and added a Champions League winner’s medal to his collection.

Alongside Johan Cruyff, Lewandowski is the only male football player to win a domestic title, domestic cup and Champions League treble, while also becoming the top scorer in all competitions.

A second World Footballer of the Year award will no doubt make Robert Lewandowski happy, but certainly won’t change him – and perhaps a Ballon d’Or is yet to come.

This article has been translated from German

Jacques Marchand | Obituaries | Sun, 16 Jan 2022 06:00:00 +0000

CHAMPAIGN – James W. Marchand, 95, of Champaign died of Lewy body dementia at his home on Friday, December 31, 2021.

He was predeceased by his wife, Jeanne, and his brother, Frank Marchand.

He is survived by his sister, Jestine Morris; five daughters, Susan Slay, Denise Pakala, Jeannette Marchand, Jeanne Marchand and Melanie Manner; two sons-in-law, Jim Pakala and Rick Manner; two grandsons, Adrian Slay and Kent Pakala; and four great-grandchildren, Macie, Drake, Lorelei and Dillon Slay.

Services will be rescheduled to June 11 due to COVID-19. A private burial was held on January 7.

James was born on Veteran’s Day, November 11, 1926, in Birmingham, Ala. When he was 2 years old, his father, Frank Wesley Marchand Sr., died of tuberculosis shortly before the stock market crash of 1929. His mother, Dessa (Osbourne) Marchand, quickly moved her family of three children back to her hometown of Lewisburg, Tennessee, to be closer to his family.

Growing up in Lewisburg during the Great Depression, money was very limited. Then, in high school, World War II began. His older brother, Frank Wesley Marchand Jr., soon joined the military after Pearl Harbor. He was trained to be a reconnaissance pilot in the Pacific theater. James had to wait to graduate from high school and enlisted at age 17 in the Army Air Corps. He was originally trained to be a remote turret mechanic gunner. However, by then the war was over. Due to a high score on the military aptitude test, he was chosen to learn French from tapes and teach it to his fellow soldiers on the way to Europe. When he arrived, peace had been declared two weeks earlier and he had been reassigned as a translator/interpreter. He quickly discovers that he has a natural talent for languages ​​and is fluent in French. He was also commissioned to translate German and was sent to the British Interpreter’s School. Again, he was able to learn the language very quickly and quickly became fluent. After his tour, he returned to Tennessee.

Jobs were hard to find and he was out of work. While he was playing pool, another pool player told him he was a smart kid and asked him why he wasn’t in college. He replied that he had no money for college. This man told her about the new GI Bill, dramatically changing her life. Within two weeks, Jim was enrolled at TPI (Tennessee Polytechnic Institute) and had met Jeanne Johnson. During the first five days on campus in September 1947, they became “stables”. They were married the following summer on July 31, 1948. They were stable for almost 69 years until his death on July 25, 2016.

Jim has had many mentors in his career. Mr. and Mrs. McGee of TPI recognized his language skills and encouraged him to focus on the humanities and transfer to Vanderbilt University. Dr. Ten Hoor from Vanderbilt offered him a job teaching German. It was the first of many languages ​​he taught during his long career. He got his doctorate. at the University of Michigan. Dr. Nordmeier was instrumental in securing an elite assistant professorship at Washington University in St. Louis. In total, he taught at 12 universities while becoming a full professor, including the University of Washington, Harvard, University of Munich, University of California at Berkeley, Vanderbilt, Cornell, and the University of Illinois.

At the University of Washington, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship at the age of 30. This allowed him to see and study medieval manuscripts in Wolfenbüttel, thus launching his career as an expert in Gothic manuscripts. He also taught the 1958 spring semester at the University of Munich.

When he arrived at the University of Illinois in 1969, he was a professor of German and linguistics. He was also soon inducted into the Center for Advanced Study. He then became an assistant professor in the Department of Comparative Literature.

In 1975 he took a one-year sabbatical in Sweden to study runestones, stave churches and the Viking Age. He fell in love with Sweden, the language and the culture. Immersing himself again in a new language, he was fluent within three months and was often mistaken for a native. In the years to come, he managed two more visits and often wished that his health would allow him to do more.

His great regret was that digital photography and GPS mapping came along when he was too old to re-map all the runestones in Scandinavia. Jim was best known as a leading authority on Gothic and was generally recognized as “the most original person in the study of Gothic in the (mid-twentieth century).” However, he had a very wide range of interests. A small sample of the subjects he has taught over the years gives an idea of ​​the breadth of his knowledge: German, French, Greek, Latin, Old Norse, Old English and many other languages; Germanic and Celtic literatures; medieval music; the Western texts of Matthew; mechanical aids for teaching; mathematical models for linguists; computer programming; and Arthurian romance.

He had over 400 articles on linguistics and philology published in seven languages. Some of these works have been translated into German, French, Italian, Russian and Japanese.

One of his greatest claims to fame is the development of a technique for restoring palimpsests (medieval manuscripts that have been crushed). He was dubbed “the palimpsest man” in an article about his work in the international Time magazine in 1991. He created a method of using ultraviolet imagery with computer scanning techniques to isolate Gothic script of the Latin crush. This made it possible to rediscover and study the Gothic. His research greatly expanded the store of the Gothic language.

In his personal life, he was well known as a billiards enthusiast, both at Cornell and UI. His nickname at the UI Student Union Pool Hall, his home away from home, was The Old Man. Many students remember learning billiards with him and listening to his high-profile stories. They also picked up appropriate “trash talk” from him and his fellow pool players, like “I’ll beat you like a tight drum.” Various people went to the UI just to play against the old man. Several students have written to and about him, calling him a mentor to them or an essential figure in their user interface experiments.

He was influenced by many people in his life and had a great influence on many other people – students, colleagues and friends. He lived his life according to this philosophy, which he asked to put on his tombstone: “The love of knowledge and the desire for God”.

Memorial donations may be made to the University of Illinois Center for Advanced Study.

Pupils will learn 1,700 words for language GCSEs under ‘prescriptive’ reforms Fri, 14 Jan 2022 12:58:05 +0000

Students in England will have to learn up to 1,700 words frequently used in French, German and Spanish GCSEs under the approved reforms.

The move comes after organizations representing school leaders warned that the government’s ‘risky’ proposals could reduce the number of pupils learning modern foreign languages ​​at school.

A union of chefs said requiring students to memorize a list of words could ‘alienate’ learners, saying the reforms were ‘prescriptive and constraining’.

Examination boards will be given a further year to develop the new French, German and Spanish GCSEs following industry feedback, the Department for Education (DfE) has said.

Reformed GCSEs will be taught from September 2024, with the first exams taking place in 2026.

The idea that this will help him reach his goal of 90% of students taking these subjects is pure fantasy.

Pupils will be assessed on the basis of 1,200 “word families” for the basic level and an additional 500 “word families” for the higher level, the DfE said.

An example of a word family might be “manage”, “managed” and “manage”.

In March last year, the government announced proposals to reform modern foreign language GCSEs to make them ‘more accessible’.

But a group of nine organisations, including unions, language associations and examination boards, warned in November that the proposals may not boost student engagement, as they called on the government to rethink the reforms.

A DfE consultation on the proposals, which received more than 1,600 responses, highlighted concerns about having a prescribed list of words.

Many respondents were concerned that ‘students are not exposed to a wide enough vocabulary throughout their GCSE course to be able to communicate effectively in the target language’.

Other respondents said the list could lead to “curriculum shrinking”, risk “encouraging rote learning”, and could “limit student curiosity”.